The British Journal of Radiology | VOL. 95
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Deep transfer learning–based fully automated detection and classification of Alzheimer’s disease on brain MRI

Publication Date Aug 1, 2022

Abstract

Objectives: To employ different automated convolutional neural network (CNN)-based transfer learning (TL) methods for both binary and multiclass classification of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) using brain MRI. Methods: Herein, we applied three popular pre-trained CNN models (ResNet101, Xception, and InceptionV3) using a fine-tuned approach of TL on 3D T1-weighted brain MRI from a subset of ADNI dataset (n = 305 subjects). To evaluate power of TL, the aforementioned networks were also trained from scratch for performance comparison. Initially, Unet network segmentedthe MRI scans into characteristic components of gray matter (GM), white matter (WM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The proposed networks were trained and tested over the pre-processed and augmented segmented and whole images for both binary (NC/AD + progressive mild cognitive impairment (pMCI)+stable MCI (sMCI)) and 4-class (AD/pMCI/sMCI/NC) classification. Also, two independent test sets from the OASIS (n = 30) and AIBL (n = 60) datasets were used to externally assess the performance of the proposed algorithms. Results: The proposed TL-based CNN models achieved better performance compared to the training CNN models from scratch. On the ADNI test set, InceptionV3-TL achieved the highest accuracy of 93.75% and AUC of 92.0% for binary classification, as well as the highest accuracy of 93.75% and AUC of 96.0% for multiclass classification of AD on the whole images. On the OASIS test set, InceptionV3-TL outperformed two other models by achieving 93.33% accuracy with 93.0% ...

Concepts

Binary Classification Classification Of Alzheimer’s Disease Convolutional Neural Network Models Deep Transfer Learning Algorithms Transfer Learning Brain MRI Progressive Mild Cognitive Impairment External Test Data Test Set Multiclass Classification Tasks

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