The acceleration of super-heavy ions from an ultra-thin lead target irradiated by a femtosecond laser pulse with an intensity in the range of ∼1022–1023 W cm−2 was investigated using an advanced 2D3V particle-in-cell code. It is shown that by properly selecting the laser pulse parameters, it is possible to produce a practically single-charge Pb ion beam with multi-GeV ion energies and the laser-to-ions energy conversion efficiency approaching 30%. At the laser intensity of 1023 W cm−2, Pb ions with the charge state Z = 72 carry over 90% of the total energy of all ions, while the peak intensity and peak fluence of the Pb+72 ion beam are at least two orders of magnitude higher than for other types of ions. In addition, the Pb+72 ion beam is more compact and has a smaller angular divergence than those for other types of ions. The above properties of the Pb+72 ion beam mean that further energy-efficient purification of the beam from other types of ions is possible, even in simple ion transport and selection systems.
Types Of Ions Ion Beam Ultra-intense Laser Femtosecond Laser Pulse Pb Ion Charge State Ion Transport Systems Peak Intensity Ultra-thin Target Laser Pulse
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Climate change Research Articles published between Nov 21, 2022 to Nov 27, 2022
Nov 28, 2022
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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...Read More
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