AbstractEvery decade technology makes revolutionary shifts that become the new platforms on which application technology is built. Artificial intelligence (AI) is no different. AI has moved from 1st Generation shallow learning and handcrafted features to 2nd Generation deep learning, which has been effective at learning patterns. We have now entered the 3rd Generation of AI which is machine reasoning-driven – where the machine can interpret decision making algorithm, even if it has the black-box nature. Explainable artificial intelligence and augmented intelligence are the main part of the 3rd Generation of AI. The role of Professor Lotfi Zadeh and Professor Rafik Aliev in these AI generations are tremendous.Professor L. Zadeh was the founder of the theory of fuzzy sets and linguistic variables, the “father” of fuzzy logic and approximate reasoning, the author of the theory of possibility and general theory of uncertainty, the creator of Z-numbers theory and generalized restrictions, the ancestor of granular and soft computing. His ideas and theories not only opened a new epoch in the development of scientific thought, free from the limitations of narrow scientific directions and contributing to their synergy. They made a significant contribution to the development of new information and cognitive technologies, led to the creation of effective industrial technologies, such as fuzzy computers and processors, fuzzy regulators, fuzzy clustering and recognition systems, and many others. Professor L. Zadeh has been deservedly included in the IEEE Computer Society's gallery of fame scientists who have made pioneering contributions to the field of artificial intelligence and intelligent systems.The role of L. Zadeh in AI is also hard to overestimate especially in the l focus on the concept of soft computing, originally combining hybrid models based on fuzzy sets, neural networks, and soft computing. The emergent properties of these models were one of the foundations of the current hype in artificial intelligence and machine learning.For many years L. Zadeh fruitfully cooperated with Professor Rafik Aliev. The result of their research was fundamental scientific achievements published in several joint monographs. The generalized theory of stability created by L. Zadeh and R. Aliev jointly has been recognized as a major contribution to the development of mathematics, management theory, dynamic economics and a number of other sciences. The main scientific directions of Professor Rafik Aliev’s research are the theory of decision-making in terms of high uncertainty, the theory of coordination in complex social, economic, and technical systems, fuzzy logic, and neurocomputing. Applied fields of his scientific results are economics, conflictology, space objects and technical systems.These areas of modern artificial intelligence are referred to augmented intelligence (intelligence decision-making). Augmented intelligence is a design pattern for a human-centered partnership model where humans and artificial intelligence work together to improve cognitive functions, including learning, decision-making, and new experiences. The business value forecast for augmented intelligence in 2025 will be 44 percent of all AI business applications.Explainable artificial intelligence now represents a key area of research in artificial intelligence and an unusually promising one in which many fuzzy logics could become crucial. Research in the of area of explainable artificial intelligence can be divided into three stages, which correlates with the 3 generation of AI: in the first stage (starting from 1970) expert systems were developed; in the second stage (mid-1980s), the transition was made from expert systems to knowledge-based systems; and in the third phase (since 2010), deep architectures of artificial neural networks, which required new global research on the construction of explainable systems, have been studied. On each stage the ideas of L. Zadeh and R. Aliev played the important roles. They were the first ones in explainable artificial intelligence field with neuro-fuzzy systems – a synergistic combination of fuzzy logic and neural networks, providing the first interpretable AI system based on neural network learning. Since 2011 L. Zadeh had been involved in Z Advanced Computing, Inc. (ZAC), the pioneer Cognitive Explainable Artificial Intelligence (Cognitive XAI). The Cognitive Explainable-AI approach also use the results of Prof. Rafik Aliev, Prof. Ronald Yager, Prof. Mo Jamshidi.Nowadays, explainable and augmented intelligence are prominent and fruitful research fields where many of Zadeh’s and R. Aliev’s contributions can become crucial if they are carefully considered and thoroughly developed. It is worth noting that about 30% of publications in Scopus related to XAI, dated back to 2017 or earlier, came from authors well recognized in the fuzzy logic field. This is mainly due to the commitment of the fuzzy community to produce interpretable intelligent systems since interpretability is deeply rooted in the fundamentals of fuzzy logic.

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