ABSTRACTWe perform a multitracer analysis using the complete Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV (SDSS-IV) extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) DR16 luminous red galaxy (LRG) and the DR16 emission-line galaxy (ELG) samples in the configuration space, and successfully detect a cross-correlation between the two samples, and find the growth rate to be fσ8=0.342 ± 0.085 (∼25 per cent accuracy) from the cross-sample alone. We perform a joint measurement of the baryonic acoustic oscillation (BAO) and redshift space distortion (RSD) parameters at a single effective redshift of zeff = 0.77, using the autocorrelation and cross-correlation functions of the LRG and ELG samples, and find that the comoving angular diameter distance DM(zeff)/rd = 18.85 ± 0.38, the Hubble distance DH(zeff)/rd = 19.64 ± 0.57, and fσ8(zeff) = 0.432 ± 0.038, which is consistent with a ΛCDM model at $68{\ \rm per\ cent}$ CL. Compared to the single-tracer analysis on the LRG sample, the Figure of Merit of α⊥, α∥, andfσ8 is improved by a factor of 1.11 in our multitracer analysis, and in particular, the statistical uncertainty of fσ8 is reduced by $11.6{\ \rm per\ cent}$.

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