A reliability-based assessment of heavy rainfall events can provide insights for developing appropriate measures and predictions to control flood risk. One of the contemporary challenges is to model heavy rainfall events, which depend on different synoptic conditions and model configurations. In this study, the regional mesoscale Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model was used to evaluate the applicability of different parameterization schemes for simulating rainfall events over the Mahi River basin between 22 and 26 August 2020 with the maximum rainfall occurring on 23 August 2020. A high-resolution triple-nested (27, 9, and 3 km) WRF model was configured, and data for initial boundary conditions were obtained from NCEP/NCAR FNL with a resolution of 1° × 1° (six-hourly). The model results were evaluated using gridded rainfall of ECMWF Reanalysis v5 (ERA5) and India Meteorological Department (IMD) at a spatial resolution of 0.25° × 0.25°. Further to verify the model output, GPM-IMERG was used to compute the skill score (bias, threat score, probability of detection, and accuracy) metrics at 24 hourly and 3 hourly scales. Eight sensitivity tests were conducted to identify the optimal sets of microphysics (WSM6 and Goddard), cumulus (Kain and BMJ), and planetary boundary layer (YSU and ACM2) parameterization schemes for rainfall simulation of the selected events. The Kain-Goddard-YSU and Kain-Goddard-ACM2 parameterization schemes demonstrated the optimal performance for simulating the rainfall event. Relative humidity and reflectivity were used for analyzing moisture and cloud brightness temperature, respectively. The model score revealed that the Kain-Goddard scheme outperformed other schemes in case of heavy precipitation, with a threshold of 60 mm/day over the Mahi basin. The findings of this study showed that the simulation of heavy rainfall events with a set of selected combinations of parameterization schemes can reproduce the structure of convective organization as well as prominent synoptic features associated with heavy rainfall events over the Mahi basin. Moreover, this information may help to better understand the future forecast trend of precipitation and explore solutions for sustainable water management to support decision-makers and operational water managers.

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