To describe the clinical and radiologic features of retrolaminar migration silicone oil (SiO) and observe the dynamic position of ventricular oil accumulation in supine and prone. For this retrospective study, 29 patients who had a history of SiO injection treatment and underwent unenhanced head computed tomography (CT) were included from January 2019 to October 2022. The patients were divided into migration-positive and negative groups. Clinical history and CT features were compared using Whitney U and Fisher's exact tests. The dynamic position of SiO was observed within the ventricular system in supine and prone. CT images were visually assessed for SiO migration along the retrolaminar involving pathways for vision (optic nerve, chiasm, and tract) and ventricular system. Intraocular SiO migration was found in 5 of the 29 patients (17.24%), with SiO at the optic nerve head (n=1), optic nerve (n=4), optic chiasm (n=1), optic tract (n=1), and within lateral ventricles (n=1). The time interval between SiO injection and CT examination of migration-positive cases was significantly higher than that of migration-negative patients (22.8±16.5mo vs 13.1±2.6mo, P<0.001). The hyperdense lesion located in the frontal horns of the right lateral ventricle migrated to the fourth ventricle when changing the position from supine to prone. Although SiO retrolaminar migration is unusual, the clinician and radiologist should be aware of migration routes. The supine combined with prone examination is the first-choice method to confirm the presence of SiO in the ventricular system.

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