Abstract

Under carbon cap and trade policy, engineering machinery firms have engaged in remanufacturing and invested in carbon emission reduction technologies. However, they often struggle with a lack of funding, but carbon quota financing offers a solution. Taking a capital-constrained engineering machinery remanufacturer as the research object, this paper first formulates four decision models, i.e. (no capital constraints, no financing), (capital constraints, no financing), (capital constraints, carbon quota repurchase financing) and (capital constraints, carbon quota pledge financing), then the equilibrium results are compared. Finally, the numerical simulations are performed to study the impact of carbon emission reduction and quality uncertainty of recycled products. The results show that if remanufacturers possess adequate carbon quotas, carbon quota pledge financing can always improve profits effectively, otherwise, the effectiveness of financing strategies depends on the difference between extra profits and financing costs. Both financing strategies can increase the output of new products and reduce that of remanufactured products. Increasing the quality threshold of recycled products is beneficial for remanufacturing, environmental protection and profits. Investing in carbon emission reduction benefits remanufacturing and the environment, however, it reduces remanufacturers' profits in the short term.

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