The paper selects the data of 30 regions in China from 2008 to 2020 as the basis to construct a theoretical analysis framework between fiscal decentralization, environmental regulation, and green economy efficiency (GEE). For empirical analysis, the study adopts super-slacks-based measure (SBM) method to measure GEE, and Tobit model is adopted to study the relationships between key constructs under investigation. The key findings of the study are as follows: (1) GEE level is at the upper middle level, and the green economic efficiency varies greatly among regions. The GEE value of the eastern region is the highest and lowest in the west, and the central region is in between. (2) From a national perspective, fiscal decentralization, environmental regulation, per capita gross domestic product (GDP), and urbanization all have a significant negative coefficient on the national GEE, inhibiting local GEE improvement. Foreign direct investment impact on GEE is not significant, but green credit has a significant positive coefficient. (3) From a regional perspective, the effects of fiscal decentralization on the green economic efficiency of western region were not significant, but the sign of coefficient found to be negative. However, in the other two regions, fiscal decentralization has a significant positive impact on GEE. Moreover, environmental regulation impact on GEE is positive in eastern region and negative in western part, and not significant in the central region; economic development can promote GEE in the central region and negative in west, but not significant in eastern region. Foreign direct investment (FDI) shows no significant impact in the eastern region but exists a significant negative impact in the other two regions. Finally, green credit has no significant impact in the central region but exists significant positive effect in the other two regions. This paper studies the green economic efficiency of undesired output, which is of great significance to my country's future green development and the formulation of environmental regulation policies.

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