Integrating knowledge regarding habitat characteristics and animal behaviour into conservation programs has the potential to impact the results of management and conservation efforts. This study aimed to explore the relationship between spatial and environmental data on the nesting activity of the European pond turtle, Emys orbicularis. Additionally, it sought to analyse the abundance, activity pattern, and behaviour of potential nest predators of E. orbicularis. Natural predated nests of the European pond turtle were utilized to characterise nesting habitat features, while artificial nests and camera traps were deployed to identify potential predators and their behaviour. Artificial nests and camera traps were established in areas with evidence of track detection or historical observations indicating past instances of nest predation. The nest site distribution of the European pond turtle showed a positive relationship with north-south oriented canals, the presence of vegetative components on embankments (shrubs, grass, emergent vegetation), finer-grained soil components (silt and clay), and soil moisture. Camera trapping of artificial nests revealed mammals (Meles meles and Vulpes vulpes) and a bird (Pica pica) as predators engaging in digging and destroying behaviour. P. pica detection was notably higher in mowed vegetation areas. Results indicate that natural nest distribution and predation on artificial nests may be influenced by their distribution concerning human-controlled vegetation and foraging activities of common nest predators. Protecting nesting sites in predator-frequented habitats, combined with landscape management targeting vegetation control along embankments, could mitigate nest predation and enhance hatchling recruitment.

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