Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common intraocular tumor among children. Leucine-rich pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR)-motif-containing protein (LRPPRC), a suppressor gene of autophagy, has been proven to play a regulatory role in tumor progression. However, little is known about functional roles and mechanisms of LRPPRC in RB progression. First, we performed a detailed analysis for RB and normal control. The expression of LRPPRC in the RB tissues was significantly higher than that in normal tissues. Moreover, LRPPRC suppression could repress tumor cell migration, invasion, glycolysis, and reactive oxygen species (ROS)/hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1-α) pathway activation by mediating autophagy. Furthermore, overexpression of HIF1-α partially reversed the above changes induced by LRPPRC knockdown. The regulation of LRPPRC on tumor metastasis and glycolysis was also validated by a xenograft tumor assay. In summary, LRPPRC could regulate metastasis and glycolysis of RB by mediating autophagy suppression and further activating the ROS/HIF1-α pathway, and LRPPRC could be a promising prognostic biomarker for RB.

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