Objective: The objective of the present study was to formulate and evaluate the floating in-situ gelling system of diltiazem hydrochloride.Methods: Sodium alginate based diltiazem hydrochloride floating in situ gelling systems were prepared by dissolving hydroxyl propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) in 25% of water, to which calcium carbonate and diltiazem hydrochloride were added with stirring to form, a proper and a homogenous dispersion of diltiazem hydrochloride. Meanwhile, 30% of water was heated to 60 ˚C on a hot plate to dissolve sodium alginate and cooled to 40 ˚C. The resulting solution was added to HPMC solution and mixed well. To 5% of water at 60 ˚C, sodium methyl paraben was added and dissolved and cooled to 40 ˚C and was added to the above mixture and mixed well. The volume was adjusted finally to 100% with distilled water. Prepared formulae were evaluated for physicochemical properties, drug content, pH, in vitro gelling capacity, in vitro buoyancy, viscosity, water uptake and in vitro drug release.Results: Formulation variables such as type and concentration of viscosity enhancing polymer (sodium alginate) and HPMC affected the formulation viscosity, gelling properties, floating behavior, and in vitro drug release. Formulation F5 and F6 showed the floating time of 5 min and more than 20 h respectively. A significant decrease in the rate and extent of the drug release was observed with the increase in polymer concentration in in-situ gelling preparation. Formulation F4, F5, F6 were shown to have extended drug release until the end of 7 h.Conclusion: The prepared in situ gelling formulations of diltiazem hydrochloride could float in the gastric conditions and released the drug in a sustained manner. The present formulation was non-irritant, easy to administer along with good retention properties, better patient compliant and with greater efficacy of the drug.


  • Over the past 30 y, greater attention has been focused on the development of controlled and sustained drug delivery systems

  • Mumbai, calcium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate were purchased from SD Fine-Chem limited, Mumbai, hydroxyl propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) was purchased from Molychem, Mumbai, sodium citrate was procured from Qualigens, Mumbai, methylparaben and hydrochloric acid were purchased from Molychem, Mumbai

  • Viscosity enhancing polymer HPMC was added to sodium alginate solution in an attempt to improve viscosity and to obtain slower drug release than those formulations containing sodium alginate alone

Read more



Over the past 30 y, greater attention has been focused on the development of controlled and sustained drug delivery systems. The in situ gel dosage form is a liquid before administration but converts into a gel that floats on gastric contents as it comes in contact with it [2]. Such gel conversions are due to one or more mechanisms such as physiological stimuli In situ gel formulations are one of the challenging drug delivery systems. Since various biodegradable polymers used for the formulation of In situ gels, faces many fabrication problems, difficult processability, use of organic solvents, burst effect and irreproducible drug release kinetics and the natural polymers show batch to batch variations [4]


Full Text

Published Version
Open DOI Link

Get access to 115M+ research papers

Discover from 40M+ Open access, 2M+ Pre-prints, 9.5M Topics and 32K+ Journals.

Sign Up Now! It's FREE

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call