Southeast Asian Studies | VOL. 4
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Food Supply in Cambodian Buddhist Temples: Focusing on the Roles and Practices of Lay Female Ascetics

Publication Date Aug 27, 2015

Abstract

(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)I IntroductionIn Theravada Buddhist societies, which consist of people ordained as monks and laypeople, what kinds of roles are played by lay ascetics living in temples? While there have been countless studies on Theravada regions in Southeast Asia, studies that focus on laypeople in particular, especially those based in Cambodia and Laos, are very scarce. Lay ascetics1) have mostly been described as part of the faithful lay community or just mentioned on a footnote level as temple inhabitants who are subordinate to monks.While so-called revival movements of the bhikkhuni (fully ordained female monk) order have recently taken place in Sri Lanka and Thailand, no such movements have occurred in Cambodia so far. It is believed that Cambodia has never had bhikkhuni,2) but it has female renouncers in the lay category called daun chi ... or yeay chi ... There are some research works that focus on daun chi. Nobue Hamaya (2004) has carried out fieldwork on daun chi in Siem Reap and described their temple life, including their social engagement. Elizabeth Guthrie (2004) has provided historical analyses of laypeople's practices based on the key word "puos ..." and focused on one daun chi, who was a meditation teacher. The Buddhist Institute, Cambodia (2006) has surveyed daun chi life in one district and submitted concrete data on female renouncers' attributes. All of these works have given us thought-provoking analyses and presented new findings, but we still cannot see clearly who lay...

Concepts

Meditation Teacher Buddhist Temples Buddhist Festivals Temple Life Temple Community Siem Reap Prominent Persons Buddhist Institute Lunar Calendar National Religion

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