Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | VOL. 104
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Food hypersensitivity and atopic dermatitis: Pathophysiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and management

Publication Date Sep 1, 1999

Abstract

Laboratory and clinical investigations over the past two decades have demonstrated that food allergy plays a pathogenic role in a subset of patients, primarily infants and children, with atopic dermatitis (AD). Approximately 40% of infants and young children with moderate to severe AD have food allergy, but identifying this subset of patients and isolating the relevant food allergens requires a high index of suspicion, the use of appropriate laboratory tests, and, in some cases, physician-supervised oral food challenges. Removal of the causal food protein(s) leads to clinical improvement but requires a great deal of education because most of the common causal foods (egg, milk, wheat, soy, peanut, and so forth) are ubiquitous in the food supply, and food elimination diets risk causing nutritional deficits. Fortunately, most food allergies resolve in early childhood, and food allergy is not a common cause for AD in older children and adults.

Concepts

Use Of Appropriate Laboratory Tests Food Allergy Atopic Dermatitis Nutritional Deficits Older Children Atopic Dermatitis In Adults Subset Of Patients Food Supply Clinical Investigations Early Childhood

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