Trends in Food Science & Technology | VOL. 62
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Food fraud prevention shifts the food risk focus to vulnerability

Publication Date Apr 1, 2017

Abstract

Abstract Background Food fraud – including the sub-category of economically motivated adulteration – is illegal intentional deception for economic gain using food. The types of food fraud include adulterant-substances (adulteration), substitution, dilution, stolen goods, tampering, diversion and gray market product, smuggling, unauthorized product or unauthorized re-filling, misrepresentation or mislabeling, and intellectual property rights counterfeiting. Key events include Sudan Red colorant, melamine in infant formula and pet foods, species swapping of fish, counterfeit branded chocolate, and horsemeat in packages labeled as beef. While most food fraud events do not have an immediate hazard, the food supply is vulnerable. The issue involves intelligent human adversaries, so the response is uniquely complex regarding mitigation and prevention. Scope and approach This commentary provides insight on the unpredictability and potential economic gain to fraudsters; and presents food fraud as an emerging, unique and autonomous food research area. The need to assess a food fraud event shifts the focus from the traditional internal process controls and human health risk assessment to prevention and vulnerability reduction. The goal is not to catch food fraud but to prevent the event from ever occurring – food fraud prevention. Key Findings and Conclusions Often, traditional food safety or food defense countermeasures and assessment methods are ill-fitting tools for the unique food fraud prevention goals. To address the root cause ...

Concepts

Food Fraud Prevention Food Fraud Melamine In Infant Formula Cause Of Fraud Traditional Food Safety Pet Foods Intellectual Property Rights Vulnerability Reduction Economic Gain Infant Formula

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