Abstract The goal of this work is to develop a novel way of beneficially utilizing two main waste products from coal power-generation plants – carbon dioxide and fly ash – by generating fly ash nanoparticle-stabilized CO2 foam for CO2 EOR mobility control. First, as the grain size of fly ash is generally too large for injection into reservoirs, it was reduced to nano-size by the ball-milling process. Second, dispersion stability analysis was performed to evaluate a suitable dispersing agent for fly ash nanoparticles (FA-NP). A range of surfactants (anionic, cationic, and non-ionic) was used in dilute concentrations. Surfactants were screened based on particle-hydrodynamic diameters and polydispersity index of the dispersion as measured by dynamic light scattering. Third, foam flow experiments were performed using combinations of FA-NP and various surfactants. Aqueous foam was created in-situ by coinjecting the FA-NP and/or surfactants with liquid CO2 through a sandpack at a fixed foam quality. Foam texture, as seen in the view-cell, was used to screen suitable surfactants that stabilized strong foams. Finally, the foam flow experiments were conducted in a Berea sandstone core. Pressure drop across the core was measured to estimate the achieved foam resistance factor and the apparent viscosity of the generated foam. Nano-milling and thermal treatment processes were able to yield thermally-treated fly ash (TTFA) nanoparticles with an average size of 180 nm. Dispersion stability analysis revealed that anionic and...
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Climate change Research Articles published between Aug 08, 2022 to Aug 14, 2022
Aug 15, 2022
Articles Included: 5
Introduction: There is no consensus on the policies that should be seen as implicitly pricing carbon (see World Bank (2019a) for a discussion). The OE...Read More
Gender Equality Research Articles published between Aug 08, 2022 to Aug 14, 2022
Aug 15, 2022
Articles Included: 4
I would like to thank Anna Khakee, Federica Zardo and Ragnar Weilandt for their very useful comments as well as the participants of the workshop of 21...Read More
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