Applied Energy | VOL. 143
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Energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the recovery and extraction of crude bitumen from Canada’s oil sands

Publication Date Apr 1, 2015

Abstract

Abstract A model – FUNNEL-GHG-OS ( FUN damental E N gineering Principl E s-based Mode L for Estimation of G reen H ouse G ases in the O il S ands) was developed to estimate project-specific energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) in major recovery and extraction processes in the oil sands, namely surface mining and in␣situ production. This model estimates consumption of diesel (4.4–7.1 MJ/GJ of bitumen), natural gas (52.7–86.4 MJ/GJ of bitumen) and electricity (1.8–2.1 kW h/GJ of bitumen) as fuels in surface mining. The model also estimates the consumption of natural gas (123–462.7 MJ/GJ of bitumen) and electricity (1.2–3.5 kW h/GJ of bitumen) in steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD), based on fundamental engineering principles. Cogeneration in the oil sands, with excess electricity exported to Alberta’s grid, was also explored. Natural gas consumption forms a major portion of the total energy consumption in surface mining and SAGD and thus is a main contributor to GHG emissions. Emissions in surface mining and SAGD range from 4.4 to 7.4 gCO 2 eq/MJ of bitumen and 8.0 to 34.0 gCO 2 eq/MJ of bitumen, respectively, representing a wide range of variability in oil sands projects. Depending upon the cogeneration technology and the efficiency of the process, emissions in oil sands recovery and extraction can be reduced by 16–25% in surface mining and 33–48% in SAGD. Further, a sensitivity analysis was performed to determine the effects of key parameters on the GHG emissions in surface mining and SAGD. Temperature a...

Concepts

Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage Surface Mining Oil Sands Oil Sands Recovery Fundamental Engineering Principles Consumption Of Natural Gas Oil Sands Projects Greenhouse Gas Emissions Energy Consumption Cogeneration Technology

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