Oilfield brine disposal in marine environments is undesirable due to concentrated salts of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and others which endanger aquatic organisms. Thus, it is paramount to precipitate the dissolved ions into stable carbonates for industrial applications. However, the effect of NaCl in the brine solution on the quantity and quality of precipitated carbonates is not yet reported. In this study, microwave plasma atomic emission spectrometer (MIP AES), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were employed to investigate the effect of 0–2 M NaCl on the yield, purity, polymorph, and morphology of calcium and magnesium carbonates. The yields of 96.2% to 98.9% and 53.7% to 69.6% and the purity of 90.9% to 92.7% and 96% to 99.5% CaCO3 and MgCO3·3H2O were obtained, respectively. Moreover, the maximum yield and purity of carbonates were obtained from a brine solution of 1 M NaCl. The concentration of 0–0.5 M NaCl favored more the formation of aragonite whiskers and rhombohedral calcite whereas the concentration of 1–2 M NaCl favored more the formation of aragonite whiskers, lamella vaterite,and rhombohedral calcite. Nevertheless, only nesquehonite (MgCO3·3H2O) precipitated regardless of brine concentration. The crystal surface and length of the precipitated nesquehonite from 1 to 2 M NaCl brine were affected.

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