BackgroundFor the needs of modern biotechnology, a quantitative approach to the control of regulatory elements at all stages of gene expression has long become indispensable. Such a control regime is impossible without a quantitative analysis of the role of each regulatory element or pattern used. Therefore, it seems important to modify and develop the accuracy, reproducibility, and availability of methods for quantifying the contribution of each regulatory code to the implementation of genetic information.ResultsA new vector system for transient expression in plants is described; this system is intended for quantitative analysis of the contribution of regulatory elements to transcription and translation efficiencies. The proposed vector comprises two expression cassettes carrying reporter genes (of the Clostridium thermocellum thermostable lichenase and E. coliβ-glucuronidase) under the control of different promoters. Herewith we also propose a new method for quantification of the effect of tested regulatory elements on expression, which relies on assessment of the enzyme activities of reporter proteins taking into account the transcription of their genes.ConclusionsIn our view, this approach makes it possible to precisely determine the amounts of reporter proteins and their transcripts at all stages of expression. The efficiency of the proposed system has been validated by the analysis of the roles of known translation enhancers at the stages of transcription and translation.

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