CGA47-66 (Chromofungin, CHR), is a peptide derived from the N-terminus of chromogranin A (CgA), has been proven to inhibit the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced brain injury. However, the underlying mechanism is still unknown. We found that CGA47-66 exerted a protective effect on cognitive impairment by inhibiting the destruction of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in the LPS-induced sepsis mice model. In addition, the hCMEC/D3 cell line was used to establish an in vitro BBB model. Under LPS stimulation, CGA47-66 could significantly alleviate the hyperpermeability of the BBB, the destruction of tight junction proteins, and the rearrangement of F-actin. To investigate the underlying mechanism, we used LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor, which partially reduced the protective effect of CGA47-66 on the integrity of BBB. Indicating that the PI3K/AKT pathway plays a vital role in the brain-protective function of CGA47-66, which might be a potential therapeutic target for septic brain injury.

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