Active/intelligent packaging films were developed by incorporating purple sweetpotato anthocyanins (PSA) and purple cabbage anthocyanins (PCA) in locust bean gum/polyvinyl alcohol (LP), chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol (CP) and κ-carrageenan/polyvinyl alcohol (KP) film matrices. The joint effect of anthocyanins' source and polysaccharides' nature on the structure and functionality of the films was determined. Results showed PSA and PCA interacted with film matrices through hydrogen bonds and/or electrostatic interactions, resulting in improved film uniformity. PSA and PCA did not remarkably alter the water vapor permeability and tensile strength of the films; however, significantly improved the light barrier ability, antioxidant activity, pH-sensitivity and ammonia-sensitivity of films. For the films containing the same anthocyanins (PSA or PCA), LP-based films had relatively higher light barrier ability and storage stability, while CP-based had relatively weaker color changeable ability. When PSA and PCA were immobilized in the same film matrix, the films containing PCA had higher light barrier ability and antioxidant activity than the films containing PSA. Among the films, LP-PCA film exhibited a good potential to monitor the freshness of shrimp. Results suggested the structure and functionality of the films were influenced by the source of anthocyanins and the nature of polysaccharides.

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