The cure rate of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adolescents and adults remains poor. This study aimed to establish a prognostic model for ≥14-year-old patients with ALL to guide treatment decisions. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 321 ALL patients between January 2017 and June 2020. Patients were randomly (2:1 ratio) divided into either the training or validation set. A nomogram was used to construct a prognostic model. Multivariate Cox analysis of the training set showed that age > 50 years, white blood cell count > 28.52×109/L, and MLL rearrangement were independent risk factors for overall survival (OS), while platelet count >37×109/L was an independent protective factor. The nomogram was established according to these independent prognostic factors in the training set, where patients were grouped into two categories: low-risk (≤13.15) and high-risk (>13.15). The survival analysis, for either total patients or sub-group patients, showed that both OS and progression-free survival (PFS) of low-risk patients was significantly better than that of high-risk patients. Moreover, treatment analysis showed that both OS and progression-free survival (PFS) of ALL with stem cell transplantation (SCT) were significantly better than that of ALL without SCT. Further stratified analysis showed that in low-risk patients, the OS and PFS of patients with SCT were significantly better than those of patients without SCT. In contrast, in high-risk patients, compared with non-SCT patients, receiving SCT can only significantly prolong the PFS, but it does not benefit the OS. We established a simple and effective prognostic model for ≥ 14-year-old patients with ALL that can provide accurate risk stratification and determine the clinical strategy.

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