Abstract

Very sensitive loads require the safe operation of electrical distribution networks, including hospitals, nuclear and radiation installations, industries used by divers, etc. To address this issue, the provided paper suggests an innovative method for evaluating the appropriate allocation of Distribution STATic COMpensator (DSTATCOM) to alleviate total power losses, relieve voltage deviation, and lessen capital annual price in power distribution grids (PDGs). An innovative approach, known as the modified capuchin search algorithm (mCapSA), has been introduced for the first time, which is capable of addressing several issues regarding optimal DSTATCOM allocation. Furthermore, the analytic hierarchy process method approach is suggested to generate the most suitable weighting factors for the objective function. In order to verify the feasibility of the proposed mCapSA methodology and the performance of DSTATCOM, it has been tested on two standard buses, the 33-bus PDG and the 118-bus PDG, with a load modeling case study based on real measurements and analysis of the middle Egyptian power distribution grid. The proposed mCapSA technique's accuracy is evaluated by comparing it to other 7 recent optimization algorithms including the original CapSA. Furthermore, the Wilcoxon sign rank test is used to assess the significance of the results. Based on the simulation results, it has been demonstrated that optimal DSTATCOM allocation contributes greatly to the reduction of power loss, augmentation of the voltage profile, and reduction of total annual costs. As a result of optimized DSTATCOM allocation in PDGs, distribution-level uncertainties can also be reduced.

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