The two-dimensional (2D) lamellar membrane assembly technique shows substantial potential for sustainable desalination applications. However, the relatively wide and size-variable channels of 2D membranes in aqueous solution result in inferior salt rejections. Here we show the establishment of nanofluidic heterostructured channels in graphene oxide (GO) membranes by adding g-C3N4 sheets into GO interlamination. Benefiting from the presence of stable and sub-nanometer wide (0.42 nm) GO/g-C3N4 channels, the GO/g-C3N4 membrane exhibits salt rejections of ∼90% with water permeances of above 30 L h-1 m-2 bar-1, while the pure GO membrane only has salt rejections of below 30% accompanied by water permeances of below 4 L h-1 m-2 bar-1. Combining experimental and theoretical investigations, size exclusion has proved to be the dominating mechanism for high rejections, and the ultralow friction water flow along g-C3N4 sheets is responsible for permeation enhancements. Importantly, the GO/g-C3N4 membrane shows promising long-term, antioxidation, and antipressure stability.

Full Text
Published version (Free)

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call