The article examines the educational reform of the Republic of Poland, which was introduced in 2016. The methodological basis of the research is the system-integrated principle of scientific and pedagogical search. The theoretical and comparative analysis was based on the analysis of Polish legislative documents in the education field. The article describes the school system in Poland, which functions after the introduced educational reform in 2016. It is determined that in the school education system in Poland there was an introduction of an 8-year elementary or basic school, instead of a 6-year school and a gymnasium (3 years); 3-year general education lyceums became 4-year lyceums (general secondary), and 4-year technical schools – 5-year technical schools, as well as two levels of vocational schools. The author raises the question of the justification for the liquidation of a gymnasium at the school education level. It was noted that it will be possible to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the school education reform in Poland only after conducting appropriate independent monitoring. The analysis and comparison of structural changes that occurred as a result of the education reform in 1999 and 2016 are presented. It was analyzed in detail, introduced in 1999 gymnasium level of school education. In particular, it was noted that educational reforms that took place in Poland in different years, along with changes in the education structure, were aimed at improving quality and promoting equal access to education. These educational changes can be defined as planned and systemic. The author concludes that modern education reform is aimed at improving the quality and accessibility of education, digital competencies of both students and teachers, at improving inclusive education, digitalization of school education. Structural, organizational and curriculum changes that have taken place in the education system of Poland are in line with global trends and serve to further improve the quality of educational services. Further research requires the issue of the effectiveness of reforms, taking into account the requirements of the time, in particular, the relationship between education and the labor market in the aspect of the educational policy formation in the long term.

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