Abstract

Purpose of the study: assessment of the gender and age structure of the population in terms of its impact on the upcoming dynamics of natural increase and changes in the population. Materials and methods of research. We used statistical materials from the “Health of the population of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra and activities of medical organizations” annual collection and data of statistical reporting of the population from the program “Medstat”, in particular the number of persons residing on the territory of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra, number of female and male population by age category (children, adults of employable age, people over employable age). Such indicators as demographic potential of gender and age structure of population, mortality, fertility, natural population growth, life expectancy, demographic load were used in the analysis. Results. It was revealed that life expectancy for 2018 in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra is 1.4 years higher than the national average and amounts to 74.3 years (Russian Federation – 72.9 years, Ural Federal District – 72.01), which indicates high quality and availability of medical care in the Okrug. The dependency ratio (ratio between the employable part of the population and the non-employed population (children, retirees) in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra is: 657 citizens of nonworking age per 1,000 citizens of working age, in the Ural Federal District – 803, in the Russian Federation – 804, which indicates a younger composition of the District’s population than in the whole country. The natural increase of the population in 2018 was 7.3 per 1,000 population, in 2017-7.9 (Russian Federation – natural decrease 1.6, the Ural Federal District – natural increase 0.0). The total fertility rate (number of children per woman) in KhMAO-Yugra is 1.84 (in the Russian Federation – 1.57), which indicates that the birth rate in the Okrug is higher than in the whole country. Conclusion. The age structure of the population of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Yugra is different from the age structure of the Russian Federation as a whole; the maximum number of persons is in the age group of 30-39 years old. Despite the low proportion of people over the employable age, we should note a steady trend towards an increase in the number of this age group in the Okrug. Life expectancy for 2018 in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra is 1.4 years higher than the Russian average and amounts to 74.3 years (Russian Federation – 72.9 years, Ural Federal District – 72.01 years). The analyzed data testify to the young composition of the population, as the maximum number of persons is in the age group of 30-39 years old. There are high birth rates and low mortality rates of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra population.

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