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ANÁLISIS DE FACTORES MACROECONÓMICOS QUE AFECTAN LA COTIZACIÓN DE ACCIONES DE LAS COMPAÑÍAS AÉREAS

Change in stock prices and development of the market vary depending on decisions made by investors. Decisions made by investors are determined by corporate performance, the country’s economic situation, political developments and changes in macroeconomic factors. In this study, the relationship between stock prices of airlines and macroeconomic variables was analyzed. To accomplish this, daily macroeconomic data of 14 airlines covering the years 2009-2018 were analyzed by Toda Yomamato and HatemiJ asymmetric causality tests, and macroeconomic factors (Brent oil price, dollar exchange rate and interest rate) determining stock prices were identified. According to the results of the Toda and Yomamato causality test, it was found that there was a significant relationship among variables of the dollar exchange rate, the price of oil and stock prices of airlines. Except for one airline, there was no significant relationship between interest rate and stock price. According to the results of the Hatemi-J asymmetric causality test, it was found that there were significant relationships among variables of the dollar exchange rate, oil price, interest rate, and airline stock prices. In light of these findings, innovation and adoption of alternative fuel technology by the aviation industry and airlines can be a successful alternative to oil price risk. Results on exchange rate and interest rate changes indicate that airlines and related governments should focus on policies that increase growth of the aviation industry

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MAPEO DE LOS DETERMINANTES ORGANIZATIVOS DEL RENDIMIENTO LABORAL

The purpose of the present research was to identify and assess key organizational factors affecting work performance via Gilbert´s Behavioral Engineering Model (BEM). Therefore, a self-made scale considering BEM´s dimensions was developed and tested. Data were gathered from the 1st of April to end of May 2023, using a randomly stratified sample of 297 Mexican companies of Sonora State. The final questionnaire – named ADOPTproved adequate psychometric properties to assess eight organizational factors of human performance proposed. ADOPT liability and validity are shown in the light of commented literature and data on present organizational effectiveness and corporate longevity. Main results indicate a global alpha scale liability of .92 being Task Support, knowledge/Competences, and Context most valued predictors of organizational effectiveness, followed by Aims/Objectives and Feedback factors. It was also confirmed that both contextual (environmental level) and behaviour (individual level) type of supports are equally important in predicting work performance. Evidence indicates that organizational performance management in SMEs is highly achieved on a long-term basis by attending these key factors in a specific loop, i.e. contextualising, system maintenance (feedback), and empowering. This sequence support personnel assessments as essential for empowering decision-making processes.

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Tourism as a Means of Happiness and Subjective Well-Being for Senior Travelers.

Varios estudios han investigado el impacto de las experiencias turísticas en la salud y el bienestar, pero se sabe muy poco sobre los factores psicológicos subyacentes y los mecanismos implicados. Varios investigadores han sugerido que la felicidad y las actividades turísticas están estrechamente vinculadas, pero se ha investigado relativamente poco sobre las posibles conexiones entre el turismo y la felicidad, el bienestar subjetivo (BS) y la calidad de vida, especialmente en el caso de los viajeros de más edad en un mundo que envejece. Desde el punto de vista psicológico, el turismo aporta los mayores beneficios a los viajeros de más edad, ya que el turismo proporciona los medios por los que los adultos mayores pueden buscar la felicidad y sentimientos positivos relacionados con su bienestar y calidad de vida. Esto se debe a que ayuda a mejorar el estado de ánimo, crea una perspectiva positiva y sentimientos positivos de bienestar y alegría para los turistas mayores. Este artículo conceptual se centrará en cómo los viajes contribuyen a los sentimientos de felicidad y bienestar de los turistas de más edad. Las conclusiones proporcionarán una comprensión más profunda de la posible relación entre el turismo y la salud mental, para determinar si el turismo puede afectar positivamente a la vida de las personas, su bienestar y hacer que se sientan felices.

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