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FROM BYTES TO INSIGHTS THROUGH A BIBLIOMETRIC JOURNEY INTO AI'S INFLUENCE ON PUBLIC SERVICES

In the dynamic realm of public services, the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a transformative force, reshaping various sectors, including governance, urban development, healthcare, education, security infrastructure, decision-making processes, and responses to health crises. This article conducts an exploration spanning the years 1984 to 2023, employing bibliometric analysis to analyse global literature retrieved from the Scopus database. The central investigation revolves around the evolution of AI utilisation in public services during this period. Findings indicate a significant surge in AI-related publications, with notable global contributions from countries like China, India, and the United States, and a prevalence of computer science in AI research. Keyword clusters highlight seven prominent themes, ranging from digital governance to modelling health and social welfare in pandemics. Future research directions underscore ethical implications, AI adoption across government agencies, effectiveness in addressing urban challenges, machine learning applications in healthcare and education, security and privacy implications, application in diverse contexts, and AI's role in predicting and managing public health emergencies. This research contributes some necessary information for both academia and practical implementation in public services, laying the groundwork for future studies.

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Exploring the Use of Artificial Intelligence in Agent-Based Modeling Applications: A Bibliometric Study

This research provides a comprehensive analysis of the dynamic interplay between agent-based modeling (ABM) and artificial intelligence (AI) through a meticulous bibliometric study. This study reveals a substantial increase in scholarly interest, particularly post-2006, peaking in 2021 and 2022, indicating a contemporary surge in research on the synergy between AI and ABM. Temporal trends and fluctuations prompt questions about influencing factors, potentially linked to technological advancements or shifts in research focus. The sustained increase in citations per document per year underscores the field’s impact, with the 2021 peak suggesting cumulative influence. Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy (RPYS) reveals historical patterns, and the recent decline prompts exploration into shifts in research focus. Lotka’s law is reflected in the author’s contributions, supported by Pareto analysis. Journal diversity signals extensive exploration of AI applications in ABM. Identifying impactful journals and clustering them per Bradford’s Law provides insights for researchers. Global scientific production dominance and regional collaboration maps emphasize the worldwide landscape. Despite acknowledging limitations, such as citation lag and interdisciplinary challenges, our study offers a global perspective with implications for future research and as a resource in the evolving AI and ABM landscape.

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Analysing the Connection between Economic Growth, Conventional Energy, and Renewable Energy: A Comparative Analysis of the Caspian Countries

The objective of this research paper is to apply a mathematical model to estimate and predict the economic growth of the Caspian countries in the period from 1995 to 2022. We use multiple regression by applying the OLS method to estimate the impact of global oil price, energy resource production per capita, trade, and renewable energy on GDP per capita. The mathematical approach uses fixed and random effects models to assess the overall impact of the independent variables on economic growth in this region and over the period analysed. This study also aims to investigate whether the explanatory variables are cointegrated in the long run; as such, we carry out several mathematical cointegration tests, namely the Pedroni and Johansen tests. The mathematical analysis is completed by the estimation of short- and long-run parameters using the stochastic VAR/VEC models, the impulse response function, and the causality test to assess economic growth in this region. This study’s main finding is that GDP per capita is increasingly influenced by its previous values, which is confirmed by considering lag 1 and lag 2. The results of the Granger causality tests identify several bidirectional relationships between GDP per capita and oil and gas production. These relationships are clearly positive evidence of the growth trend and progress of economic activity in the Caspian region. The practical implications of the study aim to promote and support the use of renewable energy sources. In this sense, policymakers in the Caspian countries should create favourable conditions for the transition to a green economy. An important aspect is the efforts of the government authorities to make their policies more environmentally friendly, as decarbonisation is a good practice in the current context of sustainability and related choices. As the Caspian countries are heavily dependent on conventional energy production, it is essential for them to increase their export earnings from energy resources via diversifying and strengthening new energy opportunities and partnerships.

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PV-OPTIM: A Software Architecture and Functionalities for Prosumers

The future development of the energy sector is influenced by Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and their integration. The main hindrance with RES is that their output is highly volatile and less predictable. However, the utility of the RES can be further enhanced by prediction, optimization, and control algorithms. The scope of this paper is to disseminate a smart Adaptive Optimization and Control (AOC) software for prosumers, namely PV-OPTIM, that is developed to maximize the consumption from local Photovoltaic (PV) systems and, if the solar energy is not available, to minimize the cost by finding the best operational time slots. Furthermore, PV-OPTIM aims to increase the Self-Sustainable Ratio (SSR). If storage is available, PV-OPTIM is designed to protect the battery lifetime. AOC software consists of three algorithms: (i) PV Forecast algorithm (PVFA), (ii) Day Ahead Optimization Algorithm (DAOA), and (iii) Real Time Control Algorithm (RTCA). Both software architecture and functionalities, including interactions, are depicted to promote and replicate its usage. The economic impact is related to cost reduction and energy independence reflected by the SSR. The electricity costs are reduced after optimization and further significantly decrease in case of real-time control, the percentage depending on the flexibility of the appliances and the configuration parameters of the RTCA. By optimizing and controlling the load, prosumers increase their SSR to at least 70% in the case of small PV systems with less than 4 kW and to more than 85% in the case of PV systems over 5 kW. By promoting free software applications to enhance RES integration, we estimate that pro-environmental attitude will increase. Moreover, the PV-OPTIM provides support for trading activities on the Local Electricity Markets (LEM) by providing the deficit and surplus quantities for the next day, allowing prosumers to set-up their bids.

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