Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology | VOL. 177
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Zircon and monazite reveal late Cambrian/early Ordovician partial melting of the Central Seve Nappe Complex, Scandinavian Caledonides

Publication Date Sep 14, 2022

Abstract

The Seve Nappe Complex (SNC) comprises continental rocks of Baltica that were subducted and exhumed during the Caledonian orogeny prior to collision with Laurentia. The tectonic history of the central SNC is investigated by applying in-situ zircon and monazite (Th-)U–Pb geochronology and trace element analysis to (ultra-)high pressure (UHP) paragneisses in the Avardo and Marsfjället gneisses. Zircons in the Avardo Gneiss exposed at Sippmikk creek exhibit xenocrystic cores with metamorphic rims. Cores show typical igneous REE profiles and were affected by partial Pb-loss. The rims have flat HREE profiles and are interpreted to have crystallized at 482.5 ± 3.7 Ma during biotite-dehydration melting and peritectic garnet growth. Monazites in the paragneiss are chemically homogeneous and record metamorphism at 420.6 ± 2.0 Ma. In the Marsfjället Gneiss exposed near Kittelfjäll, monazites exhibit complex zoning with cores enveloped by mantles and rims. The cores are interpreted to have crystallized at 481.6 ± 2.1 Ma, possibly during garnet resorption. The mantles and rims provide a dispersion of dates and are interpreted to have formed by melt-driven dissolution-reprecipitation of pre-existing monazites until 463.1 ± 1.8 Ma. Depletion of Y, HREE, and U in the mantles and rims compared to the cores record peritectic garnet and zircon growth. Altogether, the Avardo and Marsfjället gneisses show evidence of late Cambrian/early Ordovician partial melting (possibly in (U)HP conditions), Middle Ordovician (U)HP metamorphism, and late Sil...

Concepts

Seve Nappe Complex Late Cambrian Time Peritectic Garnet Partial Pb-loss Garnet Resorption Biotite-dehydration Melting HP Conditions HP Metamorphism Scandinavian Caledonides Metamorphic Rims

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