Abstract

Aim:To evaluate the birth prevalence of specifically selected major congenital anomalies and to determine the correlated neonatal and maternal characteristics.Material and Methods:Data were collected retrospectively from hospital-based records of infants who were born at 22 completed weeks of gestation with a birth weight of more than 500 g in Zekai Tahir Burak Gynecology Training and Research Hospital between 2013 and 2018. Abortions, stillbirths, and terminated pregnancies due to fetal anomalies were excluded. Average annual prevalences were calculated for each selected major congenital anomaly.Results:The total prevalence of congenital anomalies was 9.97 per 1000 in 102 379 live birth cohorts. The prevalence of severe congenital heart anomalies (SI-SII) was found as 21.1 per 10 000 live births. Down syndrome and meningomyelocele were the second and third most common anomalies, after congenital heart defects (13.87 and 9.97 per 10 000 live births, respectively). The prevalence of anomalies requiring specific surgery was found as 4.3 per 1000 live births. Congenital heart disease was present in 31.7% of patients who had Down syndrome. Atrioventricular septal defect accounted for 53.3% of congenital heart anomalies detected in Down syndrome. The prevalence of Down syndrome in babies of mothers aged 35 years and older was found as 46.67 per 10 000, which was significantly higher than in the group aged under 35 years (8.24 per 10 000). On the other hand, the prevalence of gastroschisis in babies of mothers aged 19 years and under was found as 5.81 per 10 000, which was higher than in the group aged 20 years and over (0.84 per 10 000).Conclusion:The actual magnitude of the number of births affected by congenital anomalies in Turkey is unknown. In our study, congenital heart diseases, Down syndrome, and meningomyelocele were found to be the most common congenital anomalies, respectively.

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