Abstract

Paragangliomas (PG) are rare neoplasms of neuroendocrine origin that tend to be highly vascularized, slow-growing, and usually sporadic. To date, common treatment options are surgical resection (SR), with or without radiation therapy (RT), and a watch-and-wait approach. To evaluate the local control and effectiveness of exclusive fractionated stereotactic RT (FSRT) treatment in unresectable PG (uPG). We retrospectively evaluated patients with uPG (medically inoperable or refused SR) treated with FSRT with a Cyberknife System (Accuray Incorporated, Sunnyvale, California). Toxicity and initial efficacy were evaluated. From May 2009 to January 2023, 6 patients with a median age of 68 (range 20-84) were treated with FSRT. The median delivered dose was 21 Gy (range 20-30 Gy) at a median isodose line of 75.5% (range 70%-76%) in 4 fractions (range 3-5 fractions). The median volume was 13.6 mL (range 12.4-65.24 mL). The median cumulative biological effective dose and equivalent dose in 2-Gy fractions were 70 Gy and 37.10 Gy respectively. Site of origin involved were the timpa-nojugular glomus (4/6), temporal bone, and cervical spine. In 1 of the 6 patients, the follow-up was insufficient; 5 of 6 patients showed a 5-year overall survival and 5-year progression-free survival of 100%. We observed negligible toxicities during and after RT. The majority of patients showed stable symptoms during follow-up. Only 1 patient developed spine metastases. Our preliminary results on this small cohort of patients suggest that FSRT could be an effective and safe alternative to SR.

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