Characteristics of aerodynamic and condensation shockwaves are not clear in steam ejectors as the three-dimensional and non-equilibrium condensation effects in many simulation research are ignored. In the article, a non-equilibrium condensation model was developed to study the three-dimensional shockwave characteristics of steam ejectors. The formation, physical form, occurrence condition, location, quantity, intensity, and asymmetry of aerodynamic and condensation shockwave in different regions of three-dimensional steam ejectors were illustrated from mechanism. The coupling effect and interaction mechanism of aerodynamic and condensation shockwave were investigated. The influences of aerodynamic and condensation shockwaves on the flow field were analyzed. The similarities and differences between aerodynamic and condensation shockwaves were clarified. Results show that non-equilibrium condensation induces the condensation shockwave, but the condensation shockwave inhibits the non-equilibrium condensation. There is mutual inhibition between condensation shock and aerodynamic shock. A condensation shockwave appears downstream of the steam ejector's nozzle throat and another condensation shockwave may appear in the mixing chamber. The condition of the condensation shockwave in the mixing chamber is that the supercooling degree and the supersaturation ratio after the expansion wave exceed their critical values. In the critical condition, the supercooling degree is 19.6 K when the condensation shockwave appears in the mixing chamber.

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