The role of urinary cytology as a diagnostic test for the detection and surveillance of urothelial cancer is crucial. Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is the appropriate therapeutic strategy for patients with high-grade urothelial carcinoma (HGCU) or in situ carcinoma. We investigate how applicable is the Paris System for reporting urinary cytology (TPS) and how accurate is urinary cytology, in patients who undergo intravesical BCG instillations. Our study contains urine samples from patients during the period January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019. The inclusion criteria were patients with history of urothelial bladder carcinoma who had been treated with intravesical BCG instillation and cytology was followed by histology. We report our results and estimate the risk of high-grade malignancy (ROHM) for each TPS category and cytology accuracy. Four hundred thirty-eight samples corresponding to 146 patients fulfilled the criteria to be included in the study. There were 2 inadequate, 118 negative for high-grade urothelial carcinoma (NHGUC), 14 atypical urothelial cells (AUC), 6 suspicious for high-grade urothelial carcinoma (SHGUC), and 6 cases HGUC. Corresponding histology assessment has shown that the ROHM amounted to 0 for inadequate, 3.4% for NHGUC, 57% for AUC, 100% for SHGUC and HGUC. Sensitivity was 50%, specificity 100%, PPV 100%, NPV 91%, and accuracy 91.7%, considering inadequate, NHGUC and AUC as negative and SHGUC and HGUC as positive result. However, considering AUC a positive result, the accuracy parameters were different; sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 95%, PPV 76.9%, NPV 96.67%, and accuracy 93%. The Paris system for reporting urinary cytology can be safely applied to patients during follow-up after BCG intravesical administration.

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