ABSTRACT Shift work has been found to disrupt the circadian system, leading to negative health effects. The objective of this study was to assess the progress and frontiers in research on the health-related influence of shift work. The study analyzed 3,696 data points from Web of Science, using the bibliometric software CiteSpace to visualize and analyze the field. The results showed a steady increase in annual publications, particularly in the last 5 years, with a rapid increase in publications from China. The United States contributed the most to the number of publications and worldwide collaborations. The most prolific institution and author were the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Professor Bjorn Bjorvatn, respectively. The Journal of Chronobiology International ranked at the top and focused primarily on shift worker research. In the first decade of study, the primary focus was on the associations between shift work and cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders. Over time, research on the health effects of shift work has expanded to include cancer and mental health, with subsequent studies investigating molecular mechanisms. This study provides a comprehensive and intuitive analysis of the negative health impacts of shift work. It highlights existing research hotspots and provides a roadmap for future studies. Further research is needed to explore the adverse health consequences and related mechanisms of shift work exposure, as well as interventions to mitigate its health effects.

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