Abstract

Continental indentation is associated with deformation transfer from shortening to strike-slip faulting and is often affected by subduction related processes such as slab roll-back driven back-arc extension. We use crustal-scale analogue modelling to investigate the effects of extension direction on the strain partitioning and deformation transfer during indentation. The modelling results show that extension parallel to the strike-slip margin of the indenter creates subsidence distributed in several areas which may connect to form a large sedimentary basin behind the indenter. This transtensional basin with v-shape geometry narrows gradually towards the strike-slip margin of the indenter. In contrast, models with extension perpendicular to the strike-slip margin distributes transtensional deformation away from the indenter. Our results are in good correlation with the evolution of the Carpatho-Balkanides orocline of South-Eastern Europe, where the Circum-Moesian Fault System accommodates oroclinal bending during indentation against the Moesian Platform. In this area, the modelling explains the coeval and contrasting extensional features observed along the strike-slip margin and behind the indenter (i.e. the Getic Depression and the Morava Valley Corridor), driven by the roll-back of the Carpathian embayment and Adriatic slabs.

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