World Journal of Surgery
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The Impact of Depression in Patients Undergoing Emergency Abdominal Surgery: An Exploratory Study

Publication Date Nov 19, 2022

Abstract

Depression is associated with poorer outcomes in many disease states. However, its significance in abdominal surgery is unknown. This study investigated rates of depression in emergency abdominal surgery patients and its effects on outcomes. A retrospective cohort study was conducted across two UK sites and included all adult patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery. Primary outcome was the complication rate in depressed patients, including the incidence of post-operative delirium. Secondary outcomes included mortality, time to oral intake and analgesia. Two hundred and ten patients were identified. The commonest indication for surgery was appendicitis (53.3%) followed by small bowel obstruction (9.5%). There was a 17% (n = 36) incidence of depression amongst patients, most of whom (n = 26, 72.2%) were taking antidepressants. Depression was associated with male sex (M:F 27:9 p = 0.003), higher median BMI (28 vs. 25 p = 0.013) and previous surgery (47.2% vs. 28.7% p = 0.032). Despite a higher incidence of post-operative delirium, increased time to oral analgesia and greater 30-day readmission rates in the depression cohort, multivariate analyses showed depression was not a significant independent predictor of these (OR 2.181, 95%CI 0.310-15.344; p = 0.433, OR 0.07, 95%CI 0.499-1.408; p = 0.348 and OR 1.367, 95%CI 0.102-18.34, respectively). Complication and mortality rates between depressed and non-depressed individuals were similar. Significant numbers of patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery have depression...

Concepts

Patients Undergoing Emergency Abdominal Surgery Higher Incidence Of Post-operative Delirium Impact Of Depression In Patients Complication Rate Incidence Of Post-operative Delirium Major Emergency Surgeries Emergency Abdominal Surgery Incidence Of Delirium Depression Cohort Post-operative Delirium

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