Abstract

The frequent occurrence of haze has caused widespread concern in China, and PM2.5 is thought to be the main cause. Previous research showed that PM2.5 was not only influenced by meteorological conditions but also by land cover especially surface vegetation. It was concluded that PM2.5 concentration is significantly influenced by surface vegetation, but spatially how and in what manner are still unanswered. Taking the central area of Nanchang City, China, as a case, this study firstly applied land use regression (LUR) model to simulate the distribution of PM2.5 in 2020. Then, the dichotomous model was used to determine vegetation coverage. A statistical regression model was used to analyze the influence of vegetation cover on PM2.5 and the scale effects. The results showed that (1) vegetation coverage and PM2.5 concentration were both significantly negatively correlated at the spatial scales selected for this study. (2) The effect of vegetation coverage on PM2.5 varied with season and the 500 m had the best correlation. (3) The non-linear regression model fits better than the linear model, and the effect of vegetation coverage on PM2.5 was complex. (4) The effect of vegetation coverage on PM2.5 concentration was different with PM2.5 concentration level. The higher the PM2.5 concentration, the more pronounced the effect of vegetation coverage on it. This study proposed the idea and method of coupling vegetation coverage with PM2.5 concentration at the regional scale from gradient landscape's point of view and provided some references for mitigating PM2.5 pollution through optimizing urban vegetation patterns.

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