FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology | VOL. Suppl 36 1

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Anatomical Variants in Renal Vascularization and their Clinical Implication using Anatomical Quality Assurance (AQUA) checklist.

Publication Date May 1, 2022


Anatomically, the vascularization and venous drainage of the kidney is provided by the renal artery and vein. Generally, the kidney consists of a renal artery originating in the abdominal aorta, which later divides into an anterior and posterior branch, however it is not uncommon to find more than one emerging from the abdominal part of the aorta, in addition to some iliac artery or rarely originating from the lower thoracic aorta or mesenteric arteries. On the other hand, the renal veins drain on the inferior vena cava, but the left renal vein a longer course, crossing the midline anterior to the abdominal aorta and posterior to the superior mesenteric artery. We considered specific scientific articles and books of human anatomy, written in Spanish or English, published between 2000 and 2021. The search process was carried out in the following databases: MEDLINE, SCIELO, WOS, CINHAL, SCOPUS and GOOGLE SCHOLAR, using as search terms "renal artery ", "anatomical variation", "renal veins", "" and "renal vascularization" for which the following Boolean connectors "AND", "OR" and "NOT" were used, also to see the bias was used The Anatomical Quality Assurance (AQUA) checklist. Regarding the incidence of the variants in renal vascularization, these are reported as follows; variants only of the renal artery, variants only of the renal vein and finally variants of both the artery and the renal vein. For the variants of the origin of the renal artery, four studies with an N greater than 1 in their sample, reported variation in the or...


Renal Vein Renal Vascularization Origin Of Renal Artery Aorta Artery Renal Artery Origin Of Artery Lower Thoracic Aorta Anatomical Variants Multiple Renal Arteries Abdominal Aorta

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