Abstract

The purpose of this research is to empirically reveal the effect of external technology R&D cooperation network diversity (ETRDCND) on the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction and energy saving of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Besides this, this study aims at analyzing the roles of production time reduction and absorptive capacity in the relationship between SMEs’ ETRDCND and their GHG emission reduction and energy saving. GHG emission and energy usage have been playing a crucial role in aggravating global warming. Global warming results in big problems such as worldwide unusual weather and health disorders. SMEs play a substantial role in the industrial growth of the global economy, which increases GHG emission and energy consumption. By performing the ordinary least squares regression with the data of 3300 South Korean SMEs, this research reveals four points. First, ETRDCND positively influences SMEs’ GHG emission reduction and energy saving. Second, production time reduction perfectly mediates the relationship between SMEs’ ETRDCND and their GHG emission reduction and energy saving. Third, the mediating role of production time reduction in this relationship is moderated by SMEs’ absorptive capacity. Fourth, ETRDCND significantly influences SMEs’ GHG emission reduction and their energy saving only if SMEs possess their own absorptive capacity.

Highlights

  • This research aims at empirically revealing the impact of external technology research and development (R&D) cooperation network diversity (ETRDCND) on the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction and energy saving of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)

  • This study aims at looking into the roles of production time reduction and absorptive capacity in the relationship between SMEs’ ETRDCND and their GHG emission reduction and energy saving

  • In order to overcome the limitations of recent studies on SMEs’ open innovation, this study addresses three research questions as follows: (1) What is the effect of ETRDCND on SMEs’ GHG emission reduction and energy saving? (2) What is the role of production time reduction in the relationship between SMEs’ ETRDCND and their GHG emission reduction and energy saving? (3) What role does absorptive capacity play in the relationship between SMEs’ ETRDCND and their

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Summary

Introduction

This research aims at empirically revealing the impact of external technology R&D cooperation network diversity (ETRDCND) on the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction and energy saving of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This study aims at looking into the roles of production time reduction and absorptive capacity in the relationship between SMEs’ ETRDCND and their GHG emission reduction and energy saving. GHG emission and energy usage have been playing a critical role in worsening global warming [1]. It is necessary to reveal factors in positively influencing SMEs’ GHG emission reduction and energy saving, which has created a high demand for studies to empirically investigate them. To make a good contribution to satisfying this demand, this study attempts to empirically look into the influence of ETRDCND on SMEs’ GHG emission reduction and energy saving

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