Screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is recommended by current guidelines in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA), but no specific approach is described. The Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) is a validated detection tool for OSA in children. We assessed the utility of PSQ to screen for OSA in children with concomitant SCA and snoring. A prospective study, in children 4 to 18 years old with SCA. Subjects were assessed for snoring and PSQ administered at the same visit. All children with snoring were then referred for polysomnography. A total of 106 subjects were screened. Habitual snoring prevalence was 51/106 (48.1%). In the snoring group, OSA was detected in 83.9% (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] ≥1.0/h) and 22.6% (AHI ≥5.0/h), respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of PSQ in children with snoring was 46.2% and 20.0% (AHI ≥1.0/h), and 57.1% and 50.0% (AHI ≥5.0/h), respectively. Physician assessment for snoring had a high sensitivity of 70.3% but low specificity of 58.4% (AHI ≥1.0/h), and 87.5% and 41.5% (AHI ≥5.0/h), respectively. PSQ is a poor screening tool for detection of OSA in those children with SCA who snore. Physician assessment for snoring could however be an initial approach before polysomnography.

Full Text
Published version (Free)

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call