JAMA Dermatology | VOL. 159
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Risk Factors Associated With First and Second Primary Melanomas in a High-Incidence Population

Publication Date Jan 1, 2023

Abstract

ImportanceAn increasing number of people develop more than 1 primary melanoma, yet to date, no population-based prospective cohort studies have reported on risk factors for developing first vs second primary melanomas.ObjectiveTo compare the clinical characteristics of first and second melanomas and then to estimate the relative risks of developing 1 vs multiple melanomas associated with demographic, phenotypic, sun exposure, and genetic factors.Design, Setting, and ParticipantsThis population-based prospective cohort study included men and women aged 40 to 69 years recruited in 2011 and followed up until December 2018 in Queensland, Australia. Data analysis was performed from February to July 2022.ExposuresSelf-reported information about demographic, phenotypic, and sun exposure measures captured using a survey completed at baseline, and polygenic risk score for melanoma.Main Outcomes and MeasuresIncident first or second primary melanoma diagnosis, and histologic and clinical characteristics thereof. The Wei-Lin-Weissfeld model for recurrent events was used to estimate the association of each factor with the risks of first and second primary melanoma.ResultsA total of 38 845 patients (mean [SD] age at baseline, 56.1 [8.2] years; 17 775 men and 21 070 women) were included in the study. During a median follow-up period of 7.4 years, 1212 (3.1%) participants had a single primary melanoma diagnosis, and 245 (0.6%) had a second primary melanoma diagnosis. Second melanomas were more likely than first melanomas to be in situ; for ...

Concepts

Primary Melanoma Diagnosis Primary Melanoma Model For Recurrent Events Sun Exposure Measures Polygenic Risk Score Population-based Prospective Cohort Studies High-Incidence Population High Predisposition Primary Diagnosis Sun Exposure

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