Epilepsy is one of the significant neurological disorders affecting nearly 65 million people worldwide. The repeated seizure is characterized as epilepsy. Different algorithms were proposed for efficient seizure detection using intracranial and surface EEG signals. In the last decade, various machine learning techniques based on seizure detection approaches were proposed. This paper discusses different machine learning and deep learning techniques for seizure detection using intracranial and surface EEG signals. A wide range of machine learning techniques such as support vector machine (SVM) classifiers, artificial neural network (ANN) classifier, and deep learning techniques such as a convolutional neural network (CNN) classifier, long-short term memory (LSTM) network for seizure detection are compared in this paper. The effectiveness of time-domain features, frequency domain features, and time-frequency domain features are discussed along with different machine learning techniques. Along with EEG, other physiological signals such as electrocardiogram are used to enhance seizure detection accuracy which are discussed in this paper. In recent years deep learning techniques based on seizure detection have found good classification accuracy. In this paper, an LSTM deep learning-network-based approach is implemented for seizure detection and compared with state-of-the-art methods. The LSTM based approach achieved 96.5% accuracy in seizure-nonseizure EEG signal classification. Apart from analyzing the physiological signals, sentiment analysis also has potential to detect seizure. Impact Statement- This review paper gives a summary of different research work related to epileptic seizure detection using machine learning and deep learning techniques. Manual seizure detetion is time consuming and requires expertise. So the artificial intelligence techniques such as machine learning and deep learning techniques are used for automatic seizure detection. Different physiological signals are used for seizure detection. Different researchers are working on developing automatic seizure detection using EEG, ECG, accelerometer, sentiment analysis. There is a need for a review paper that can discuss previous techniques and give further research direction. We have discussed different techniques for seizure detection with an accuracy comparison table. It can help the researcher to get an overview of both surface and intracranial EEG-based seizure detection approaches. The new researcher can easily compare different models and decide the model they want to start working on. A deep learning model is discussed to give a practical application of seizure detection. Sentiment analysis is another dimension of seizure detection and summerizing it will give a new prospective to the reader.

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