We consider a minimal model to describe the quantum phases of ultracold dipolar bosons in two-dimensional (2D) square optical lattices. The model is a variation of the extended Bose-Hubbard model and apt to study the quantum phases arising from the variation in the tilt angle $\theta$ of the dipolar bosons. At low tilt angles $0^{\circ}\leqslant\theta\apprle25^{\circ}$, the ground state of the system are phases with checkerboard order, which could be either checkerboard supersolid or checkerboard density wave. For high tilt angles $55^{\circ}\apprge\theta\apprge35^{\circ}$, phases with striped order of supersolid or density wave are preferred. In the intermediate domain $25^{\circ}\apprle\theta\apprle35^{\circ}$ an emulsion or SF phase intervenes the transition between the checkerboard and striped phases. The attractive interaction dominates for $\theta\apprge55^{\circ}$, which renders the system unstable and there is a density collapse. For our studies we use Gutzwiller mean-field theory to obtain the quantum phases and the phase boundaries. In addition, we calculate the phase boundaries between an incompressible and a compressible phase of the system by considering second order perturbation analysis of the mean-field theory. The analytical results, where applicable, are in excellent agreement with the numerical results.

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