Millets offer significant advantages in terms of production and consumption. They have a lower water requirement compared to other crops and are resilient in nature. Furthermore, when positioned correctly in the market, millets can yield higher returns even in their raw form. Additionally, millets are packed with nutrients, surpassing those found in traditional grains. Millets have been a traditional food, nutritive and by processing it could be made preferable to consumers of all age groups. Livestock feed has greatly benefited from this material. Therefore, it is imperative to prioritize research and development in the areas of production, processing, and value chain management. Over the course of a century's worth of dedicated research and development efforts, TNAU has successfully introduced 5 high-yielding hybrids and 33 varieties in sorghum, 10 high-yielding hybrids and 9 varieties in pearl millet, as well as 15 varieties in finger millet and 21 varieties in small millets. State and Central Governments have also initiated various mission mode projects since last 10 years for promotion of millets among farmers and consumers. Millet product processing interventions are focused on improving nutritional value, convenience and shelflife. New extruded products (vermicelli and noodles), flakes, savory snacks, nutrition bars, cookies, etc. are being developed to attract youth. Raising awareness of the health and nutritional benefits of millet products is imperative for India, which has substantial youth population. Thus promoting millets will enable better returns to farmers and also ensure nutritive food for the people.

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