ABSTRACT Introduction Pharmacological strategies might influence bone healing in terms of time to union or quality of mature bone. This expert opinion discussed the current level I evidence on the experimental pharmacological agents used to favor bone fracture healing. Areas covered This study was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: the 2020 PRISMA statement. In April 2023, the following databases were accessed: PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Embase. All the randomized clinical trials investigating pharmacological agents for bone fracture healing were accessed. No time constraint was set for the search. The search was restricted to RCTs. No additional filters were used in the database search. Data from 19 RCTs (4067 patients) were collected. 78% (3160 of 4067) were women. The mean length of the follow-up was 9.3 months (range, 1–26 months). The mean age of the patients was 64.4 years (range, 8–84 years). Expert opinion Calcitonin could favor bone fracture healing. Bisphosphonates (alendronate, zoledronate, clodronate), monoclonal antibodies (denosumab, romosozumab), statins, vitamin D and calcium supplementation, strontium ranelate, and ibuprofen did not influence bony healing. Concerning the effect of parathormone, current level I evidence is controversial, and additional studies are required. Level of evidence Level I, systematic review of RCTs.

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