iScience | VOL. 25
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Parallel battery pack charging strategy under various ambient temperatures based on minimum lithium plating overpotential control

Publication Date May 1, 2022

Abstract

With the aggravation of environmental pollution and energy crisis, lithium-ion batteries are widely regarded as promising. However, the current distribution in the parallel battery pack branches is highly heterogeneous. Charging strategies based on the models can be adopted to prevent side reactions that may lead to severe degradation or even thermal runaway under various ambient temperatures. In this study, a battery model for a single cell is established by coupling a single particle model with electrolyte, degradation model, and thermal model. Besides, considering the contact resistance and wire resistance, the circuit model of a battery pack is established. A charging strategy based on minimum Li plating overpotential control is then adopted, and the effectiveness under high C-rate and low temperature to reduce capacity loss is verified by simulation. This study provides a low-loss charging strategy that can reduce the safety risk of battery packs with better performance under various ambient temperatures.

Concepts
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Parallel Battery Pack
Charging Strategy
Battery Pack
Parallel Pack
Minimum Plating
High C-rate
Ambient Temperatures
Wire Resistance
Degradation Model
Energy Crisis

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