Treatment of stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has traditionally been controversial and challenging: multidisciplinary approach is mandatory and defining resectability is a critical issue; furthermore, patients are often frail due to age or comorbidities. After PACIFIC trial publication, a new therapeutic path has been defined for patients with unresectable NSCLC, with a prominent prognostic advantage. A trimodality treatment, with chemo-radiotherapy followed by maintenance durvalumab is now the standard of care, recommended by international guidelines. However, despite an impressive activity, the use of consolidative immunotherapy after concurrent chemoradiotherapy is highly debated in some clinically-relevant situations, including patients harboring EGFR mutations, older and/or frail patients not suitable for combined treatment, PD-L1 tumor expression. Here we report an expert virtual Italian meeting summary, where six medical oncologists and six radiation oncologists discussed all these aspects trying to underline the critical aspects and to find the possible clinical solutions.

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