Previous article FreeNotes on ContributorsNotes on ContributorsPDFPDF PLUSFull Text Add to favoritesDownload CitationTrack CitationsPermissionsReprints Share onFacebookTwitterLinked InRedditEmailQR Code SectionsMoreJanet Abbate is an assistant professor in Science and Technology in Society at Virginia Tech. She is the author of Inventing the Internet (MIT Press, 1999) and is now working on a history of women in computing in the United States and Britain.Peter S. Alagona is an assistant professor of history and environmental studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara.Garland E. Allen is Professor of Biology and teaches both biology and history of science at Washington University in St. Louis. He has written on the history of genetics, eugenics, evolution, and embryology, and their interrelations, in the late nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century. He is particularly interested in the history of genetics, eugenics, and the development of agriculture. He was previously coeditor, with Jane Maienschein, of the Journal of the History of Biology.Monica Azzolini teaches history at the University of Edinburgh. Her interests include the history of medicine and science in the Renaissance. She has published widely on Leonardo's anatomical studies and on the history of astrology in the Italian Renaissance. She is now completing a monograph on the political uses of astrology and medicine in Renaissance Milan.Daniela S. Barberis is Visiting Assistant Professor in the Department of Comparative Studies at Ohio State University, where she teaches science studies. Her research interests are in the history of sociology, philosophy, psychology, and the moral sciences in late nineteenth‐century France. She is now working on the emergence of French philosophy of science.Jed Buchwald is Doris and Henry Dreyfuss Professor of History at Caltech. His most recent book, coauthored with Diane Greco Josefowicz and forthcoming in 2010 from Princeton University Press, is The Zodiac of Paris: How an Improbable Controversy over an Ancient Egyptian Artifact Provoked a Modern Debate over Religion and Science.David Buisseret has directed the Smith Center for the History of Cartography at the Newberry Library, in Chicago, afterward serving as first Garrett Professor in the History of Cartography at the University of Texas at Arlington (1996–2006). He has published widely in early modern French history, in Caribbean history, and in the history of cartography.Ku‐ming (Kevin) Chang is a Associate Research Fellow/Associate Professor at the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica. The areas of his research include 17th‐ and 18th‐century life and material sciences, early modern alchemy, history of vitalism, and cultural history of academia. He is particularly interested in early modern matter theory, medical thought, and natural philosophy, oral and textual culture, authorship, academic degrees, and the institutions of scientific publication. He has been increasingly working on subjects of comparative or transcontinental intellectual and cultural history.Luca Ciancio is Associate Professor of History of Science at the University of Verona. His most recent book is Le colonne del tempo: Il “tempio di Serapide” a Pozzuoli nella storia della geologia, dell'archeologia e dell'arte (Florence: EDIFIR, 2009).Robert P. Crease is Professor and Chairman of the Department of Philosophy of Stony Brook University; the author, editor, or translator of a dozen books in history and philosophy of science; and a monthly columnist for Physics World.Gowan Dawson is Senior Lecturer in Victorian Literature at the University of Leicester. He is the author of Darwin, Literature, and Victorian Respectability (Cambridge University Press, 2007) and a coauthor of Science in the Nineteenth‐Century Periodical: Reading the Magazine of Nature (Cambridge University Press, 2004).Raf De Bont is a postdoctoral researcher in the Research Foundation—Flanders at the University of Leuven. His interests include the history of evolutionary theory, field biology, and the changing “manners in dispute” in nineteenth‐ and twentieth‐century science. He recently published Darwins Kleinkinderen: De Evolutietheorie in België, 1865–1945 [Darwin's Grandchildren: Evolution Theory in Belgium, 1865–1945] (Vantilt, 2008).David H. DeVorkin is Senior Curator for Astronomy and the Space Sciences in the Division of Space History at the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution. His present research focus is on the Cold War transformation of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. His immediate preoccupation is building a public observatory on the nation's Mall.Brendan Dooley is Professor of Renaissance Studies in University College Cork, Ireland. He has published a number of studies on early modern European history of science and knowledge.Greg Downey is Professor of Journalism and Mass Communication and Library and Information Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is the author of Closed Captioning: Subtitling, Stenography, and the Digital Convergence of Text with Television (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008).Erika Dyck is a Tier Two Canada Research Chair in the History of Medicine at the University of Saskatchewan. She is the author of Psychedelic Psychiatry: LSD from Clinic to Campus and is now working on a comparative history of eugenics in Alberta and Saskatchewan.Marwa Elshakry, Associate Professor of History at Columbia University, specializes in the history of science in the modern Middle East. Her first book, Reading Darwin in the Middle East, is forthcoming in 2011. Among her publications are “The Exegesis of Science in Twentieth‐Century Arabic Interpretations of the Qur'an” (in Interpreting Nature and Scripture: History of a Dialogue, ed. Jitse M. van der Meer and Scott Mandelbrote [2009]), “Knowledge in Motion: The Cultural Politics of Modern Science Translations in Arabic” (Isis, 2008), and “The Gospel of Science and American Evangelism in Late Ottoman Beirut” (Past and Present, 2007).Eric J. Engstrom is Research Associate in the Department of History at the Humboldt University in Berlin. He has published widely on the history of psychiatry in imperial Germany and on the German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin. He is now working on a history of forensic psychiatry in Berlin (1887–1914).Kasper Risbjerg Eskildsen is Associate Professor of History of Science at Roskilde University in Denmark. His research focuses on German intellectual history and the history of the human sciences.Patricia Fara is the Senior Tutor of Clare College, Cambridge, and an Affiliated Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science. She is the author of many popular books on Newton, women, and the eighteenth century; her latest publication is Science: A Four Thousand Year History (Oxford University Press, 2009).Paul Fayter has taught courses in the history of science, science and religion, and science fiction at York University for twenty years. He is interested especially in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; his current research focuses on Thomas Henry Huxley. He also serves as theological consultant to the Biotechnology Reference Group of the Canadian Council of Churches.Jacqueline Feke is a postdoctoral fellow with Stanford University's Introduction to the Humanities Program. She studies the history and philosophy of ancient Greek science; in her Ph.D. dissertation, completed at the University of Toronto, she examined the relationships between physics, mathematics, and theology in the texts of Claudius Ptolemy.James Franklin teaches in the School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of New South Wales. He is the author of The Science of Conjecture: Evidence and Probability before Pascal, Corrupting the Youth: A History of Philosophy in Australia, and What Science Knows: And How It Knows It.Mélanie Frappier is an assistant professor in the History of Science and Technology Programme at the University of King's College, Halifax. She studies the history of philosophy of modern physics and thought experiments in the natural sciencesRobert Marc Friedman is a professor of history of science in Oslo. He works on the history of geophysical and polar science, Nobel Prizes, and universities, while also dramatizing his research for theater. He is now leading a Nordic network for comparative history of research on the aurora borealis. In 2009 he was named Tetelman Fellow at Yale University for his work on the Nobel Prize as historian and playwright.Kostas Gavroglu is a professor of history of science at the Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Athens. His research interests are the history of low temperature physics, the history of quantum chemistry, and the transmission of the sciences to the European periphery.Michael T. Ghiselin, an evolutionary biologist, is Senior Research Fellow at the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco and Chair of its Center for the History and Philosophy of Science. His books include Metaphysics and the Origin of Species (1997) and Darwin: A Reader's Guide (2009).Pedro Gil‐Sotres, Professor of History of Science at the University of Navarra, focuses his research on the medieval period. He is a member of the Executive Committee of the Arnaldi de Villanova Opera Medica Omnia, publishing Tractatus de consideracionibus operis medicine sive de flebotomia (1988) and Regimen saniatis ad regem aragonum (1996).Sander Gliboff is Associate Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Indiana University, Bloomington. He is the author of H. G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism (MIT Press, 2008) and is working on a history of evolutionary theory from the 1870s through the 1920s.Jeremy Gray is Professor of the History of Mathematics at the Open University and Honorary Professor at the University of Warwick, where he lectures on the history of mathematics. In 2009 he was awarded the Albert Leon Whiteman Memorial Prize by the American Mathematical Society for his work in the history of mathematics.Christopher Green is Professor in the History and Theory of Psychology graduate program at York University. His primary research area is late nineteenth‐ and early twentieth‐century American experimental psychology. He also has an interest in statistical analysis as it is used in the social sciences.Thomas Haigh is Assistant Professor in the School of Information Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee. He received his Ph.D. in history and sociology of science from the University of Pennsylvania and has published on many aspects of the history of computing.Bert Hall, a historian of technology and medievalist, teaches at the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto. He is the author of Weapons and Warfare in Renaissance Europe.Klaus Hentschel is Professor and Head of the Section for History of Science and Technology at the University of Stuttgart. He has recently published a study on arguments for and against the introduction of new entities in science (2007), Unsichtbare Hände (2008), and a Compendium of Quantum Physics (2009).Thierry Hoquet is Maître de conférences Habilité à diriger les recherches (assistant professor) in the Département de Philosophie, Université de Paris Ouest (Nanterre La Défense), France. He is scientific editor of the website www.cnrs.buffon.fr and a member of the boards of the journals Critique and Corpus: Revue de Philosophie and of the Société Française d'Histoire des Sciences et des Techniques. His publications on Buffon and Linnaeus include Buffon: Histoire naturelle et philosophie (Honoré Champion, 2005), Buffon illustré: Les gravures de l'Histoire naturelle (1749–1767) (Éditions du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 2007), Buffon/Linné—Éternels rivaux de la biologie? (Dunod, 2007), and “Buffon: From Natural History to the History of Nature?” (Biological Theory, 2007). His current research in the BIOSEX Research Project (with Elsa Dorlin, Université Paris 1) focuses on the history and philosophy of the concept of sex in biology and medicine from 1871 to the present.Toby Huff is a Research Associate in the Department of Astronomy at Harvard University and Chancellor Professor Emeritus in Policy Studies at the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth. He has lectured in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East and lived in Malaysia. He is the author of The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China, and the West (2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, 2003) and An Age of Science and Revolutions, 1600–1800 (Oxford, 2005), and coeditor (with Wolfgang Schluchter) of Max Weber and Islam (1999). His latest book, on the Scientific Revolution and the telescope, will be published in the fall by Cambridge University Press.Stephen Jacyna is Reader in the History of Medicine at University College, London. His recent publications include Medicine and Modernism: A Biography of Sir Henry Head.Frank James studied history of science at Imperial College in the second half of the 1970s and is now Professor of the History of Science at the Royal Institution. He is the editor of the correspondence of Michael Faraday, of which five (out of six) volumes have been published, and has written on nineteenth‐century science in its many contexts.Edward Jones‐Imhotep is Associate Professor of Science and Technology Studies at York University. His research focuses on the history and philosophy of modern physics and Cold War technology.Shruti Kapila is in the History department at the University of Cambridge.Richard L. Kagan is Professor of History at Johns Hopkins University. His Clio and the Crown: The Politics of History in Medieval and Early Modern Spain (Johns Hopkins University Press) appeared in 2009.Peggy Aldrich Kidwell is the Curator of Mathematics at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. She has published on historical aspects of mathematical instruments, mathematics education, and, more occasionally, celestial cartography.Robert G. W. Kirk is a Research Fellow at the Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine, Centre for the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, University of Manchester. His research interests include the history of the twentieth‐century biomedical sciences, bioethics, and human–animal relations. His current work addresses the development of “scientific” animal welfare. Focused specifically on the emergence of animal welfare within laboratory practice in the latter half of the twentieth century, this research traces developments such as “humane experimental technique” and the “3Rs,” which both embody a now‐dominant utilitarian form of reasoning within which ethical and instrumental relations to animals become inseparable.A. J. Kox is Pieter Zeeman Chair of History of Physics at the Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of Amsterdam.Helge Kragh is Professor of History of Science in the Department of Science Studies, University of Aarhus, Denmark. His main work is on the history of the physical sciences after 1850.Henk Kubbinga is a historian of science at the University of Groningen. In 2006 he was elected member of the History of Physics Group of the European Physical Society. His book The molecularization of the world picture, or the rise of the Universum Arausiacum recently came from the press (Groningen, 2008).Henrik Lagerlund is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Western Ontario. He has published extensively on medieval philosophy. His latest publications include Rethinking the History of Skepticism: The Missing Medieval Background (Brill, 2009) and Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy (Springer, forthcoming).Paul Lucier is a historian of science and technology specializing in the earth and environmental sciences and the mining industries. His most recent book is Scientists and Swindlers: Consulting on Coal and Oil in America, 1820–1890 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008). For his new project, he is exploring economic geology and hard rock mining in the American West.Lorenzo Magnani, a philosopher and cognitive scientist, is a professor at the University of Pavia and the director of its Computational Philosophy Laboratory and of Graduate and Undergraduate Studies in Philosophy. He is the author of Abduction, Reason, and Science (New York, 2001) and Morality in a Technological World (Cambridge, 2007).Scott Mandelbrote is Fellow and Director of Studies in History at Peterhouse, Cambridge, and a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford. With Jitse van der Meer, he recently edited the four volumes of Nature and Scripture in the Abrahamic Religions (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2008).Aryn Martin teaches at York University in the Department of Sociology and the Program in Science and Technology Studies. Her work considers biomedical knowledge production and its incorporation into lived experience. She writes about genetic chimerism, microchimerism, and pregnancy as instances of corporeal multiplicity. Her recent work has appeared in Social Problems, Osiris, and Endeavour.Thomas F. Mayer, Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, the American Academy in Rome, and Harvard University's Villa I Tatti and Professor of History at Augustana College, has published eight books, among them Reginald Pole, Prince and Prophet (Cambridge, 2000). He is writing another about Galileo's trials.David Philip Miller teaches the history of science and technology at the University of New South Wales. His latest book is James Watt, Chemist: Understanding the Origins of the Steam Age (Pickering & Chatto, 2009). He is now writing about discovery, invention, and intellectual property since the eighteenth century.Philip Mirowski is Carl Koch Chair of Economics and the History and Philosophy of Science, and Fellow of the Reilly Center, at the University of Notre Dame. He is the author of Machine Dreams (2002), The Effortless Economy of Science? (2004), More Heat than Light (1989), and the forthcoming ScienceMart™: The New Economics of Science.Thomas Nickles, Foundation Professor of Philosophy, University of Nevada, Reno, is the editor of Scientific Discovery, Logic, and Rationality (Reidel, 1980), Scientific Discovery: Case Studies (Reidel, 1980), and Thomas Kuhn (Cambridge, 2003) and the coeditor (with Joke Meheus) of Models of Discovery and Creativity (in press).Mary Jo Nye is Emeritus Horning Professor of the Humanities and Professor of History at Oregon State University. Her most recent book is Blackett: Physics, War, and Politics in the Twentieth Century (Harvard University Press, 2004). She is completing a book with the working title “Origins of the Social Turn in Philosophy of Science: Michael Polanyi and the Culture of Scientific Life in Europe, 1900–1970.”Kalil Oldham teaches at the Horace Mann School in New York City. In 2008 he completed his doctorate in history at Berkeley, and in 2008/2009 he gave courses in the Program in HSTM at Minnesota. He works in the history of science and philosophy in nineteenth‐century Europe, especially Germany.Paolo Palladino is Senior Lecturer in the Department of History at Lancaster University. He is the author of Entomology, Ecology, and Agriculture (1996) and Plants, Patients, and the Historian (2002).Karen Hunger Parshall is Professor of History and Mathematics at the University of Virginia and Chair (through 2009) of the International Commission for the History of Mathematics. She specializes in the history of nineteenth‐ and twentieth‐century mathematics and has published, among other books, James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish Mathematician in a Victorian World (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006).Christine Proust is a researcher in the history of mathematics and a member of the SPHERE team (CNRS and University of Paris–Diderot). Her main topic of research is cuneiform mathematics, and she has published two books: Tablettes mathématiques de Nippur (2007) and Tablettes mathématiques de la collection Hilprecht (2008).Sheila J. Rabin is Professor of History at St. Peter's College, where she teaches courses on the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. She writes on the Renaissance debate on astrology.Amnon Raz‐Krakotzkin is a senior lecturer in the Department of Jewish History at Ben Gurion University. He is the author of The Censor, the Editor, and the Text: The Catholic Church and the Shaping of the Jewish Canon in the Sixteenth Century (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007) and of Exil et souverainete (Paris: La Fabrique, 2007)Alan Richardson is Professor of Philosophy and Distinguished University Scholar at the University of British Columbia. Among his coedited books is The Cambridge Companion to Logical Empiricism (Cambridge University Press, 2007). His current book project proceeds under the working title “Logical Positivism as Scientific Philosophy.”Neil Safier is Assistant Professor of History at the University of British Columbia and the author of Measuring the New World: Enlightenment Science and South America (Chicago, 2008). He has held postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Michigan and the University of Pennsylvania and will be a visiting fellow at the Max‐Planck‐Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte (Berlin) in 2010.Jürgen Sarnowsky has been a professor of medieval history at the University of Hamburg since 1996. He has published books on the Hospitallers, England, and the Templars.Judy Z. Segal is Professor of English at the University of British Columbia. She is the author of numerous articles on the rhetoric of medicine and of Health and the Rhetoric of Medicine (Southern Illinois University Press, 2005). Her current work is on pharmaceutical advertising and health information in the public sphere.Michael Segre is Professor of History of Science at the University of Chieti.Elinor Shaffer has taught in universities in Britain, Germany, Switzerland, and the United States and is now Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Germanic and Romance Studies, University of London. She is the author of “Kubla Khan” and the Fall of Jerusalem: The Mythological School in Biblical and Literary Studies, 1770–1880.Alan E. Shapiro is Professor Emeritus of the History of Science and Technology at the University of Minnesota and has written on Newton and seventeenth‐ and eighteenth‐century optics. He is the editor of The Optical Papers of Isaac Newton and the author of Fits, Passions, and Paroxysms: Physics, Method, and Chemistry and Newton's Theories of Colored Bodies and Fits of Easy Reflection.Sujit Sivasundaram is Lecturer in International History at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Later this year he will take up a post at the University of Cambridge as Lecturer in World and Imperial History since 1500 and Fellow of Gonville and Caius College. He is the author of Nature and the Godly Empire: Science and Evangelical Mission in the Pacific, 1795–1850 (Cambridge University Press, 2005), and is now completing a book on the arrival of the British in Ceylon and the fall of the Kingdom of Kandy. His published articles examine themes across the cultural, scientific, environmental, and intellectual history of modern empire.Justin E. H. Smith is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Concordia University in Montreal. He is the author of Divine Machines: Leibniz's Philosophy of Biology (Princeton University Press, 2010) and is now working on a book on the emergence of the concept of race in early modern natural philosophy.Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis is Professor of the History of Science in the Departments of Biology and History and Distinguished Alumni Professor at the University of Florida. Her interests include the historical development of evolutionary biology. She has recently completed a project on Darwin's botanical work in On the Origin of Species and on Darwin and his theory in song and musical production.Mark Solovey, an assistant professor in the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto, writes about U.S. social science during the Cold War. He has essays in Radical History Review, Social Studies of Science, Journal for the History of the Behavioral Sciences, and (forthcoming) History of Political Economy.David Spanagel is delighted, after more than fifteen years of full‐time adjunct college teaching appointments, finally to be a tenure‐track assistant professor of history at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute. He writes about the intellectual, cultural, and political contexts of early nineteenth‐century North American earth and environmental sciences.John Steele is Associate Professor of Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian Studies at Brown University. He is the author or editor of several books, including, recently, Calendars and Years: Astronomy and Time in the Ancient Near East (Oxbow Books, 2007) and A Brief Introduction to Astronomy in the Middle East (Saqi Publications, 2008).Alexandra Minna Stern is the Zina Pitcher Collegiate Professor in the History of Medicine and Associate Director of the Center for the History of Medicine at the University of Michigan.Bruno J. Strasser is an assistant professor in the Program for the History of Science and Medicine at Yale University. The author of La fabrique d'une nouvelle science: La biologie moléculaire à l'age atomique, 1945–1964 (Florence, 2006), he is now writing a book on the history of biomedical collections and databases.Anke te Heesen is Professor for European Ethnology at the University of Tübingen. Her research interests are in the history of collections, objects and practices between science and everyday life, and the visual culture of science. She is the author of World in a Box (Chicago, 2000) and is now writing a book on exhibition presentation modes in science and art.Helen Tilley teaches in the Department of History, Classics, and Archaeology, Birkbeck College, University of London, and is the author of Africa as a Living Laboratory: Empire, Development, and the Problem of Scientific Knowledge (University of Chicago Press, forthcoming). Her current project explores the history of African decolonization and the rise of state and WHO interest in “traditional medicine.”Nancy Tuana is DuPont/Class of 1949 Professor of Philosophy, Women's Studies, and Science, Technology, and Society at the Pennsylvania State University and Director of the Penn State Rock Ethics Institute. She works at the intersections of feminist science studies, ethics, and policy studies.Steven Turner teaches the history of science and science studies at the University of New Brunswick in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. His work has dealt with the German universities of the nineteenth century, the career of Hermann von Helmholtz, the history of vision and sensory physiology, and regulatory issues regarding contemporary agricultural biotechnology and the technologies of molecular biology.Thomas Uebel is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Manchester. His recent publications include Empiricism at the Crossroads: The Vienna Circle's Protocol Sentence Debate (Chicago: Open Court, 2007); Cambridge Companion to Logical Empiricism, edited with Alan Richardson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007); and Neurath: Economic Writings, edited with R. S. Cohen (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2004).Glen Van Brummelen is coordinator of mathematics at Quest University (Squamish, British Columbia). His research field is ancient and medieval mathematics and astronomy; he has recently published The Mathematics of the Heavens and the Earth: The Early History of Trigonometry (Princeton, 2009).Klaas van Berkel is Rudolf Agricola Professor of History at the University of Groningen. He has published widely on the history of Dutch science in the early modern and modern period. His most recent book was De Stem van de Wetenschap, a history of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Science in the nineteenth century (2008). He spent the fall semester of 2009 as the Erasmus Lecturer at Harvard University, where he lectured on Descartes in the Netherlands.A. Bowdoin Van Riper teaches at Southern Polytechnic State University. His interests include the history of geology and archaeology and depictions of science and technology in American popular culture. His recent publications include the chapters “The Geologic Time Scale” and “Charles Darwin” in Brian Regal's edited volume Icons of Evolution (2008).Rienk Vermij is an assistant professor at the University of Oklahoma. His field is early modern science. Among his various publications is The Calvinist Copernicans: The Reception of the New Astronomy in the Dutch Republic (2002).Steven A. Walton is in the STS Program at Penn State. He was recently a Visiting Leverhulme Professor at the Institute for Medieval Studies at the University of Leeds, working on a project on “The Origins of Firepower.” His research focuses on early modern military change and the role of users of technology.Charles Webster has been associated with Leeds and Oxford universities. He has written extensively on the sciences and medicine in the early modern period and on the welfare state in the last century. His most recent book, a general study of Paracelsus, was issued by Yale University Press.Roland Wittje is a lecturer at the History of Science Unit of the University of Regensburg. His current research interests include history of technical physics and acoustics in the interwar period, history of science education, nuclear physics in Norway, scientific instruments, and scientific heritage at universities.Michael Worboys is Director of the Centre for the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine and the Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine at the University of Manchester. He continues to study the history of infectious diseases and is now working on the history of fungal diseases. He is beginning new work on the history of the dog fancy and the pedigree breeding.Karl Wulff spent his professional career in an international life science company. Since his retirement he has studied Sinology, philosophy, and history of science. His publications include Gibt es einen naturwissenschaftlichen Universalismus? (1998) and Naturwissenschaften im Kulturvergleich: Europa, Islam, China (2006); he is now working on a book to be entitled Der Islam und die Naturwissenschaften.William H. York is Assistant Professor of Interdisciplinary Studies at Portland State University. His research focuses on the application of alchemy and magic in learned medical practice from the fourteenth through the sixteenth century. In 2009 he participated in the NEH Summer Seminar “Disease in the Middle Ages” in London.John H. Zammito is John Antony Weir Professor of History at Rice University. His research centers on the German Enlightenment, especially the relationship between Kant and Herder. His publications include The Genesis of Kant's Critique of Judgment (Chicago, 1992) and Kant, Herder, and the Birth of Anthropology (Chicago, 2002). Previous article DetailsFiguresReferencesCited by Isis Volume 101, Number 1March 2010 Publication of the History of Science Society Article DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1086/653928 © 2010 by The History of Science Society. All rights reserved.PDF download Crossref reports no articles citing this article.

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