Virchows Archiv
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Molecular subtyping of gastroesophageal dysplasia heterogeneity according to TCGA/ACRG classes

Publication Date Aug 4, 2022

Abstract

AbstractGastric adenocarcinoma has recently been classified into several subtypes on the basis of molecular profiling, which has been successfully reproduced by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization (ISH). A series of 73 gastroesophageal dysplastic lesions (37 gastric dysplasia and 36 Barrett dysplasia; 44 low-grade dysplasia and 29 high-grade dysplasia) was investigated for mismatch repair proteins, E-cadherin, p53, and EBER status, to reproduce The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Asian Cancer Research Group (ACRG) molecular clustering. Overall, the dysplastic lesions were classified as follows: according to TCGA classification, EBV, 0/73 (0%), MSI, 6/73 (8.2%), GS, 4/73 (5.5%), CIN, 63/73 (86.3%); according to ACRG molecular subtyping, MSI, 6/73 (8.2%), MSS/EMT, 4/73 (5.5%), MSS/TP53−, 33/73 (45.2%), MSS/TP53+, 30/73 (41.1%). A positive association was found between MSS/TP53− and Barrett dysplasia (p = 0.0004), between MSS/TP53+ and LG dysplasia (p = 0.001) and between MSS/TP53+ and gastric dysplasia (p = 0.0018). Gastroesophageal dysplastic lesions proved to be heterogenous in terms of TCGA/ACRG classes, but with a different distribution from that of cancers, with no EBV-positive cases, an increasing presence of mismatch repair deficiency from low grade to high grade lesions, and a prevalence of p53 aberrations in Barrett dysplasia. The present study further demonstrated that gastroesophageal dysplastic lesions may be characterized by alterations in predictive/prognostic biomarkers, and this should be consid...

Concepts

Asian Cancer Research Group Barrett Dysplasia EBV-positive Cases The Cancer Genome Atlas Gastric Dysplasia In Situ Hybridization Molecular Subtyping Cancer Genome Atlas Research Mismatch Repair Dysplastic Lesions

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