BACKGROUND Adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by fever, arthritis, skin rash, and systemic symptoms. The etiology of AOSD is unknown; however, it is thought to be related to immune dysregulation. Although a rare disease, AOSD can significantly impact reproductive health, particularly during pregnancy. This case study assesses the implications of pregnancy in a patient with AOSD, as well as the potential for heredity of the disease. Neonatal hemophagocytic lympho-histiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and life-threatening disorder characterized by hyperinflammation and uncontrolled activation of immune cells, leading to multiple organ dysfunction. This case report aimed to introduce neonatal HLH from a mother with AOSD. CASE SUMMARY This case study presents a 29-year-old female with AOSD who became pregnant and gave birth to a premature infant who was diagnosed with neonatal HLH. AOSD can significantly impact pregnancy and childbirth, as it may become more severe during pregnancy, with an increased risk of fetal loss and preterm birth. The management of AOSD during pregnancy involves the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and glucocorticoids, as well as immunosuppressive agents in severe cases. However, the use of immunosuppressive agents during pregnancy may be associated with potential risks to the fetus. The hereditary implications of AOSD are unclear; however, available evidence suggests that genetic factors may play a role in the disease development. CONCLUSION AOSD can have significant implications for pregnancy and childbirth, including an increased risk of fetal loss and preterm birth. Neonatal HLH, a complication of AOSD in pregnancy, requires prompt diagnosis and management. Women with AOSD who are considering pregnancy should discuss their options with their healthcare provider and develop a management plan that addresses the potential risks to both mother and fetus.

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