Frontiers in Endocrinology | VOL. 13
Read

Long-term outcome of microwave ablation for benign thyroid nodules: Over 48-month follow-up study

Publication Date Aug 1, 2022

Abstract

ObjectivesThe short-term effects of microwave ablation (MWA) for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules (BTNs) were satisfactory in previous studies. However, as a slowly progressing disease, the long-term efficacy of MWA for BTNs at present is not clear. Our study aim was to assess the long-term results of MWA for BTNs after a 48-month follow-up.MethodsFrom June 2015 to September 2017, 148 patients had 148 BTNs. All patients were from the China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University. Careful ultrasound examinations were performed 1 day, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, and every 6 months after MWA. The volume, volume reduction rate (VRR), recurrence rate of the ablated area and thyroid function were recorded.ResultsThe mean volumes of the 148 nodules were 15.6 ± 9.4 cm3 (range: 1.3-48.9 cm3) and 0.6 ± 0.6 cm3 (range: 0-3.5 cm3) before and 48 months after MWA, respectively, with a nodule VRR of 96.9 ± 2.5% (range: 90.4-100%). Two patients (1.35%) had recurrence after MWA. Compared with thyroid function before MWA, no significant variation was observed after MWA. Five patients experienced complications (3.38%): two patients (1.35%) had bleeding, two patients (1.35%) had ear pain and toothache during MWA, and one patient (0.68%) had hoarseness after MWA. No cases of oesophageal injury, tracheal injury, infection, skin burns, etc., were reported during or after MWA.ConclusionsBased on a long-term follow-up, MWA is an effective method for treating BTNs and is expected to be a potential first-line treatment.

Concepts

Microwave Ablation Benign Thyroid Nodules Ablation For Benign Thyroid Nodules Treatment Of Benign Thyroid Nodules Volume Reduction Rate Thyroid Function Benign Nodules Tracheal Injury Ear Pain 48-month Follow-up

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Climate change Research Articles published between Nov 21, 2022 to Nov 27, 2022

R DiscoveryNov 28, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  2

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19

ONE PROBLEM . ONE PURPOSE . ONE PLACE

Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.